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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

1533, "to turn over in the mind," also "to chew cud" (1547), from Latin rūminātus, past participle of rūmināre (to chew the cud, turn over in the mind), from rūmen (the throat, gullet), of uncertain origin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹumɪneɪt/
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VerbEdit

ruminate (third-person singular simple present ruminates, present participle ruminating, simple past and past participle ruminated)

  1. (intransitive) To chew cud. (Said of ruminants.) Involves regurgitating partially digested food from the rumen.
    A camel will ruminate just as a cow will.
  2. (intransitive) To meditate or reflect.
    I didn't answer right away because I needed to ruminate first.
  3. (transitive) To meditate or ponder over; to muse on.
    • Shakespeare
      What I know / Is ruminated, plotted, and set down.
    • Dryden
      Mad with desire, she ruminates her sin.

SynonymsEdit

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TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ruminate (not comparable)

  1. (botany) Having a hard albumen penetrated by irregular channels filled with softer matter, as the nutmeg and the seeds of the North American papaw.
    a ruminate endosperm

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

LatinEdit

ParticipleEdit

rūmināte

  1. vocative masculine singular of rūminātus