See also: Lira and líra

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

From Italian lira, from Latin lībra (partly via Turkish lira, Arabic لِيرَة(līra), Maltese lira, Greek λίρα (líra), and Hebrew לִירָה(lirá), all of which are originally from the Italian). Doublet of libra and livre.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɪəɹə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪəɹə

NounEdit

lira (plural lire or liras)

  1. The basic unit of currency in Turkey.
  2. The currency of Lebanon (also pound), Syria (also pound), Jordan (also dinar)
  3. The former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino, Cyprus and the Vatican City, superseded by the euro

NounEdit

lira (plural lirot or liroth or liras)

  1. The former currency of Israel, superseded by the sheqel.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ukrainian ліра (lira), ultimately related to the Byzantine lyra (Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra)). Doublet of Lyra and lyre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lira

  1. A Ukrainian folk musical instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin līra (furrow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lira (plural lirae)

  1. Any of a set of fine ridges on the shells of some molluscs

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

lira

  1. Alternative form of lyra
    • 1940, Curt Sachs, The History of Musical Instruments, New York, N.Y.: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., page 275:
      The first evidence of the Byzantine lira is in a Persian literary source of the ninth century.
    • 1976, Musicological Annual, page 118:
      Some instruments comprise types which are found, more or less unchanged, also with various nations and periods (recorder, shawm), whereas others belong to smaller regions (byzantine lira, rectangular harp) or only to the territory of Serbia and Macedonia (drums, larger shawms, especially in the Turkish period).
    • 1977, Laurence Wright, “The Medieval Gittern and Citole: A Case of Mistaken Identity”, in The Galpin Society Journal:
      Being an approximate synonym of cithara, the word lyra is most often applied to the harp, but one also finds it interpreted as the Germanic lyre, Byzantine lira (equated in turn with the Arabic rebab), hurdy-gurdy, citole or gittern, lute, etc.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin libra

NounEdit

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lira (currency)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra), attested from the 15th century.[1]

NounEdit

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lyre (an ancient stringed musical instrument)
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ lira”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

EtymologyEdit

From Italian lira, from Latin lībra.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lira f

  1. lira (former currency of Italy) [19th c.]
  2. lira (currency of Turkey)
  3. lira (former currency of Israel)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "lira" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 381.

Further readingEdit

  • lira in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lira in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lira

  1. third-person singular future of lire

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ira
  • Hyphenation: lì‧ra

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin lībra.

NounEdit

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lira
DescendantsEdit
  • Turkish: lira

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρᾱ (lúrā).

NounEdit

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lyre
    Synonym: cetra
    • 1959, Indro Montanelli, “Capitolo tredicesimo: Licurgo”, in Storia dei Greci [History of the Greeks], 39th edition, Milan, published 1973, page 119:
      Dopo Terpandro venne Timoteo, che tentò di perfezionare la lira portandone le corde da sette a undici.
      After Terpander came Timotheus, who tried to perfect the lyre increasing the number of its strings from seven to eleven.

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *loizā, from Proto-Indo-European *lóyseh₂ (following, track; furrow),[1] from *leys- (track, furrow, trace, trail).

Cognate with Oscan feminine ablative plural 𐌋𐌖𐌉𐌔𐌀𐌓𐌉𐌚𐌔 (luisarifs, the name of a month, perhaps "in which the furrows are drawn"), Old High German leisa (track) (German Gleis), Old Church Slavonic лѣха (lěxa, field bed, furrow), Old Prussian lyso (field bed), Proto-Germanic *lizaną (to know, understand), *laizijaną (teach), *liʀnōn (learn).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

līra f (genitive līrae); first declension[3]

  1. the earth thrown up between two furrows, a ridge
  2. (agriculture) furrow

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līra līrae
Genitive līrae līrārum
Dative līrae līrīs
Accusative līram līrās
Ablative līrā līrīs
Vocative līra līrae

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • lira in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lira in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lira in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “līra”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 345
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 409-410
  3. ^ lira in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Doublet of lire.

NounEdit

lira m (definite singular liraen, indefinite plural liraar or liraer or lira, definite plural liraane or liraene)

  1. (numismatics) lira (currency of Malta)
  2. (numismatics) lira (currency of Turkey)

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

lira f

  1. definite singular of lire
  2. definite singular of lire

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *lihwizô, *ligwizô (thigh; groin), from Proto-Indo-European *lekʷs-, *lewks- (groin). More at lire.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

līra m (nominative plural līran)

  1. fleshy part of the body without fat or bone; brawn; muscle

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
lira

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ira
  • Syllabification: li‧ra

Etymology 1Edit

Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

NounEdit

lira f

  1. lyre
  2. black grouse's tail
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Maltese, Turkish, both from Italian lira, from Latin lībra (pound).

NounEdit

lira f

  1. lira (former currency of Malta)
  2. lira (the basic unit of currency in Turkey)
DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • lira in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lira in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin lyra

NounEdit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre (a stringed musical instrument)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin libra

NounEdit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (unit of currency)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /lîːra/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ra

NounEdit

lȋra f (Cyrillic spelling ли̑ра)

  1. lyre

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • lira” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French lire, from Latin lyra.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lȋra f

  1. lyre (musical instrument)

InflectionEdit

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. líra
gen. sing. líre
singular dual plural
nominative líra líri líre
accusative líro líri líre
genitive líre lír lír
dative líri lírama líram
locative líri lírah lírah
instrumental líro lírama lírami

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈli.ɾa]

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

NounEdit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre
  1. (Mexico, slang) guitar
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Italian lira, from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

NounEdit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

VerbEdit

lira (present lirar, preterite lirade, supine lirat, imperative lira)

  1. (colloquial) to play (a sport, an instrument or a game)

ConjugationEdit

AnagramsEdit


TagalogEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lyre), from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈliɾɐ]

NounEdit

lira

  1. lyre
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lira), from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈliɾɐ]

NounEdit

lira

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾaʔ/, [ˈliɾɐʔ]

NounEdit

lirà

  1. swollen and reddened eyelids
Derived termsEdit

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish لیره‎, لیرا‎, from Italian lira.

NounEdit

lira (definite accusative lirayı, plural liralar)

  1. Turkish lira.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative lira
Definite accusative lirayı
Singular Plural
Nominative lira liralar
Definite accusative lirayı liraları
Dative liraya liralara
Locative lirada liralarda
Ablative liradan liralardan
Genitive liranın liraların

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit