See also: Lira, líra, Líra, liră, lirã, lirą, and Lirą

English edit

 
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Etymology 1 edit

From Italian lira, from Latin lībra (partly via Turkish lira, Arabic لِيرَة (līra), Maltese lira, Greek λίρα (líra), and Hebrew לִירָה (lirá), all of which are originally from the Italian). Doublet of libra and livre.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɪəɹə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪəɹə

Noun edit

lira (plural lire or lira or liras)

  1. The basic unit of currency in Turkey.
  2. The currency of Lebanon (also pound), Syria (also pound), Jordan (also dinar)
  3. The former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino, Cyprus and the Vatican City, superseded by the euro

Noun edit

lira (plural lirot or liroth or liras)

  1. The former currency of Israel, superseded by the sheqel.
Translations edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Ukrainian ліра (lira), ultimately related to the Byzantine lyra (Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra)). Doublet of Lyra and lyre.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lira

  1. A Ukrainian folk musical instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.

Etymology 3 edit

From Latin līra (furrow).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lira (plural lirae)

  1. Any of a set of fine ridges on the shells of some molluscs

Etymology 4 edit

Noun edit

lira

  1. Alternative form of lyra
    • 1940, Curt Sachs, The History of Musical Instruments, New York, N.Y.: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., page 275:
      The first evidence of the Byzantine lira is in a Persian literary source of the ninth century.
    • 1976, Musicological Annual, page 118:
      Some instruments comprise types which are found, more or less unchanged, also with various nations and periods (recorder, shawm), whereas others belong to smaller regions (byzantine lira, rectangular harp) or only to the territory of Serbia and Macedonia (drums, larger shawms, especially in the Turkish period).
    • 1977, Laurence Wright, “The Medieval Gittern and Citole: A Case of Mistaken Identity”, in The Galpin Society Journal:
      Being an approximate synonym of cithara, the word lyra is most often applied to the harp, but one also finds it interpreted as the Germanic lyre, Byzantine lira (equated in turn with the Arabic rebab), hurdy-gurdy, citole or gittern, lute, etc.

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin libra.

Noun edit

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lira (currency)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra). First attested in the 15th century.[1]

Noun edit

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lyre (an ancient stringed musical instrument)
Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ lira”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2024

Further reading edit

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lira f

  1. lira (former currency of Italy) [19th c.]
  2. lira (currency of Turkey)
  3. lira (former currency of Israel)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Rejzek, Jiří (2015) “lira”, in Český etymologický slovník [Czech Etymological Dictionary] (in Czech), 3rd (revised and expanded) edition, Praha: LEDA, →ISBN, page 381

Further reading edit

  • lira in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lira in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

lira

  1. third-person singular future of lire

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

 
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Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ira
  • Hyphenation: lì‧ra

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin lībra.

Noun edit

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lira
Descendants edit
  • Turkish: lira

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρᾱ (lúrā).

Noun edit

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lyre
    Synonym: cetra
    • 1959, Indro Montanelli, “Capitolo tredicesimo: Licurgo [Thirteenth Chapter: Lykourgos]”, in Storia dei Greci [History of the Greeks], 39th edition, Milan, published 1973, page 119:
      Dopo Terpandro venne Timoteo, che tentò di perfezionare la lira portandone le corde da sette a undici.
      After Terpander came Timotheus, who tried to perfect the lyre increasing the number of its strings from seven to eleven.

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *loizā, from Proto-Indo-European *lóyseh₂ (following, track; furrow),[1] from *leys- (track, furrow, trace, trail).

Cognate with Oscan feminine ablative plural 𐌋𐌖𐌉𐌔𐌀𐌓𐌉𐌚𐌔 (luisarifs, the name of a month, perhaps "in which the furrows are drawn"), Old High German leisa (track) (German Gleis), Old Church Slavonic лѣха (lěxa, field bed, furrow), Old Prussian lyso (field bed), Proto-Germanic *lizaną (to know, understand), *laizijaną (teach), *liʀnōn (learn).[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

līra f (genitive līrae); first declension[3]

  1. the earth thrown up between two furrows, a ridge
  2. (agriculture) furrow

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līra līrae
Genitive līrae līrārum
Dative līrae līrīs
Accusative līram līrās
Ablative līrā līrīs
Vocative līra līrae

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • lira”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lira in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lira in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “līra”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 345
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 409-410
  3. ^ lira”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

Doublet of lire.

Noun edit

lira m (definite singular liraen, indefinite plural liraar or liraer or lira, definite plural liraane or liraene)

  1. (numismatics) lira (currency of Malta)
  2. (numismatics) lira (currency of Turkey)

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

lira f

  1. definite singular of lire
  2. definite singular of lire

References edit

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *lihwizô, *ligwizô (thigh; groin), from Proto-Indo-European *lekʷs-, *lewks- (groin). More at lire.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

līra m (nominative plural līran)

  1. fleshy part of the body without fat or bone; brawn; muscle

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
lira

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Noun edit

lira f

  1. lyre (stringed musical instrument)
  2. black grouse's tail

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Maltese lira, from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Noun edit

lira f

  1. (historical) lira (former unit of currency of Malta)

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Turkish lira, from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Noun edit

lira f

  1. lira (currency of Turkey)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adjective
Related terms edit
noun

Further reading edit

  • lira in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lira in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin lyra.

Noun edit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre (a stringed musical instrument)

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Noun edit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (unit of currency)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /lîːra/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ra

Noun edit

lȋra f (Cyrillic spelling ли̑ра)

  1. lyre

Declension edit

References edit

  • lira” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Old French lire, from Latin lyra.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lȋra f

  1. lyre (musical instrument)

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. líra
gen. sing. líre
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
líra líri líre
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
líre lír lír
dative
(dajȃlnik)
líri lírama líram
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
líro líri líre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
líri lírah lírah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
líro lírama lírami

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/ [ˈli.ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -iɾa
  • Syllabification: li‧ra

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Noun edit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre
  2. (Mexico, slang) guitar
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Italian lira, from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

Noun edit

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Verb edit

lira (present lirar, preterite lirade, supine lirat, imperative lira)

  1. (colloquial) to play (a sport, an instrument or a game)

Conjugation edit

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lyre), from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lira (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜇ)

  1. lyre
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lira), from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lira (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜇ)

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lirà (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜇ)

  1. swollen and reddened eyelids
Derived terms edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish لیره, لیرا, from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [l̠ʲí.ɾä]
  • Hyphenation: li‧ra

Noun edit

lira (definite accusative lirayı, plural liralar)

  1. lira (currency of Turkey)
    Türk lirasıthe Turkish lira
  2. livre, pound
    Mısır lirasıthe Egyptian pound

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative lira
Definite accusative lirayı
Singular Plural
Nominative lira liralar
Definite accusative lirayı liraları
Dative liraya liralara
Locative lirada liralarda
Ablative liradan liralardan
Genitive liranın liraların

Related terms edit

See also edit