See also: Sill

EnglishEdit

 
1: Sill
2: Lintel

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sĭl, IPA(key): /sɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English sille, selle, sülle, from Old English syll, syl (sill, threshold, foundation, base, basis), from Proto-Germanic *sulī (bar, sill), from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, *swel- (beam, board, frame, threshold).

Cognate with Scots sil, sill (balk, beam, floor, sill), Dutch zulle (sill), Low German Sull, Sülle (threshold, ramp, sill), Danish syld (base of a framework building), Swedish syll (joist, cross-tie), Norwegian syll, Icelandic syll, sylla (sill). Related also to German Schwelle ( > Danish svelle), Old Norse svill, Latin silva (wood, forest), Ancient Greek ὕλη (húlē).

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. (architecture, also "window sill") A breast wall; window breast; horizontal brink which forms the base of a window.
    She looked out the window resting her elbows on the window sill.
  2. (construction) A threshold; horizontal structural member of a building near ground level on a foundation or pilings, or lying on the ground, and bearing the upright portion of a frame; a sill plate.
    Coordinate terms: ground plate, groundsill, sole, sole plate, mudsill
  3. (geology) A stratum of rock, especially an intrusive layer of igneous rock lying parallel to surrounding strata.
    • 1980, U.S. Government Printing Office, Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 1119
      Minor palingenetic magmas probably were generated at this time and intruded the mantling rocks in the form of small sills and apophyses [] .
    • 2018, Tim Flannery, Europe: The First 100 Million Years, Penguin 2019, p. 55:
      The molten rock in the sills may have ignited vast reserves of shallowly buried natural gas, much like a match applied to a gas barbecue.
  4. A threshold or brink across the bottom of a canal lock for the gates to shut against.
  5. (anatomy) A raised area at the base of the nasal aperture in the skull.
    the nasal sill
  6. (military, historical) The inner edge of the bottom of an embrasure.
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually spelled cill when used in the context of canal or river engineering.
QuotationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Compare sile.

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. (UK) A young herring.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare thill.

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. The shaft or thill of a carriage.

ReferencesEdit

  • Harris, Cyril M.. Illustrated dictionary of historic architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1983, 1977. Groundsill →ISBN

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from French sill, from English sill.

NounEdit

sill n (uncountable)

  1. (geology) sill

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse síld, from Proto-Germanic *sīlą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sill c

  1. a herring

Usage notesEdit

  • Herring from the Atlantic on Sweden's west coast is called sill. The subspecies fished from the Baltic Sea on Sweden's east coast is called strömming.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of sill 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sill sillen sillar sillarna
Genitive sills sillens sillars sillarnas

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

sill f (plural sillau or silloedd, not mutable)

  1. Alternative form of sillaf (syllable)

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “sill”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies