Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin strātum ‎(a spread for a bed, coverlet, quilt, blanket; a pillow, bolster; a bed), neuter singular of strātus, perfect passive participle of sternō ‎(spread).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stratum ‎(plural strata)

  1. One of several parallel horizontal layers of material arranged one on top of another.
  2. (geology) A layer of sedimentary rock having approximately the same composition throughout.
  3. Any of the regions of the atmosphere, such as the stratosphere, that occur as layers.
  4. (biology) A layer of tissue.
  5. A class of society composed of people with similar social, cultural, or economic status.
  6. (ecology) A layer of vegetation, usually of similar height.

SynonymsEdit

  • (layer of material arranged one on top of another): tier
  • (layer of sedimentary rock): bed, layer

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From strātus, perfect passive participle of sternō ‎(spread).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

strātum n ‎(genitive strātī); second declension

  1. a bed-covering, coverlet, quilt, blanket
  2. a pillow, bolster
  3. a bed, couch
  4. a horse-blanket, saddle-cloth
  5. a pavement
  6. accusative singular of strātum
  7. vocative singular of strātum

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative strātum strāta
genitive strātī strātōrum
dative strātō strātīs
accusative strātum strāta
ablative strātō strātīs
vocative strātum strāta

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

strātum

  1. supine of sternō

ReferencesEdit

  • stratum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stratum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • STRATUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • stratum in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a street, a made road: via strata
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • (ambiguous) all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
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