Probably related to se (“oneself”). See English self, seldom.
sōlus m (feminine sōla, neuter sōlum); first/second declension
- alone, sole, only, by oneself with no others around
- solitary, uninhabited
First/second declension, with genitive singular in -īus and dative singular in -ī.
- “solus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
- “solus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- (ambiguous) sunrise; sunset: ortus, occasus solis
- (ambiguous) an eclipse of the sun: solis defectio
- (ambiguous) to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri
- (ambiguous) the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
- (ambiguous) to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
- (ambiguous) Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
- (ambiguous) Solo ordained by law that..: Solo lege sanxit, ut or ne
- (ambiguous) to leave one's country (only used of exiles): solum vertere, mutare (Caecin. 34. 100)
- (ambiguous) Solon made it a capital offence to..: Solo capite sanxit, si quis... (Att. 10. 1)
- (ambiguous) to raze a town to the ground: oppidum solo aequare
- (ambiguous) this is as clear as daylight: hoc est luce (sole ipso) clarius