See also: Solus

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sōlus.

AdjectiveEdit

solus (not comparable)

  1. alone, unaccompanied (as a stage direction)

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*swé

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sōlus (feminine sōla, neuter sōlum); first/second-declension adjective (pronominal)

  1. alone, sole, only, by oneself with no others around
  2. solitary, uninhabited

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sōlus sōla sōlum sōlī sōlae sōla
Genitive sōlī̆us sōlōrum sōlārum sōlōrum
Dative sōlī sōlīs
Accusative sōlum sōlam sōlum sōlōs sōlās sōla
Ablative sōlō sōlā sōlō sōlīs
Vocative sōle sōla sōlum sōlī sōlae sōla

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: solu
  • Catalan: sol, sols
  • Old French: sol
  • Friulian: sôl
  • Istriot: sulo
  • Italian: solo
  • Occitan: sol
  • Old Portuguese: soo, sol
  • Romansch: sul
  • Sardinian: solus (medieval), solu, sou
  • Sicilian: sulu
  • Spanish: solo

ReferencesEdit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sōlus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 573
  • solus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • solus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • solus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) sunrise; sunset: ortus, occasus solis
    • (ambiguous) an eclipse of the sun: solis defectio
    • (ambiguous) to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri
    • (ambiguous) the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • (ambiguous) to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • (ambiguous) Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
    • (ambiguous) Solo ordained by law that..: Solo lege sanxit, ut or ne
    • (ambiguous) to leave one's country (only used of exiles): solum vertere, mutare (Caecin. 34. 100)
    • (ambiguous) Solon made it a capital offence to..: Solo capite sanxit, si quis... (Att. 10. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to raze a town to the ground: oppidum solo aequare
    • (ambiguous) this is as clear as daylight: hoc est luce (sole ipso) clarius
  • solus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solus”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Middle IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish solus.

AdjectiveEdit

solus

  1. bright
  2. (of sound) clear
  3. (intellectually) clear, lucid

NounEdit

solus m

  1. light
  2. clarity, intelligibility

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
solus ṡolus unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

so- +‎ lés (compare Middle Irish dolus)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

solus (equative soilsidir)

  1. bright, clear

InflectionEdit

u-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative solus solus solus
Vocative solus
Accusative solus soluis
Genitive soluis soilse soluis
Dative solus soluis solus
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative soilsi soilsi
Vocative soilsi
Accusative soilsi
Genitive *
Dative soilsib
Notes *not attested in Old Irish; same as nominative singular masculine in Middle Irish

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
solus ṡolus unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


SardinianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin solus (alone (adj.)).

AdverbEdit

solus

  1. (obsolete, archaic) alone, by oneself

ReferencesEdit

Hall, Robert Anderson. 1984. Proto-Romance morphology: Comparative Romance grammar. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Page 31.