See also: Solum

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin solum (base, bottom; soil). Doublet of soil.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

solum (plural solums or sola)

  1. Within a soil profile, a set of related soil horizons that share the same cycle of pedogenic processes.
  2. The upper layers of a soil profile that are affected by climate.

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Italic *solom (base, sole), from Proto-Indo-European *solom or *selom (place, habitation). Cognate with Lithuanian salà (island), Proto-Slavic *selo (village) and Proto-Germanic *saliz (house, dwelling; hall, room).[1] Related to Latin solea (sandal, hoof-guard, fettle).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

solum n (genitive solī); second declension

  1. bottom, ground, base, foundation, bed
    Synonym: fundus
  2. floor, pavement
  3. ground, earth, land, soil
    Synonyms: terra, tellūs, humus
  4. sole (of the foot)
  5. (by extension) land, country, region, place
Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative solum sola
Genitive solī solōrum
Dative solō solīs
Accusative solum sola
Ablative solō solīs
Vocative solum sola
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “solum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 572

Etymology 2 edit

Adverbial accusative of sōlus (alone, only).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

sōlum (not comparable)

  1. only, just, barely, merely
    Synonyms: tantum, modo
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit


  1. inflection of sōlus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular

References edit

  • solum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • solum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • solum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
    • (ambiguous) Solo ordained by law that..: Solo lege sanxit, ut or ne
    • (ambiguous) to leave one's country (only used of exiles): solum vertere, mutare (Caecin. 34. 100)
    • (ambiguous) Solon made it a capital offence to..: Solo capite sanxit, si quis... (Att. 10. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to raze a town to the ground: oppidum solo aequare

Old English edit

Noun edit


  1. dative plural of sol (mud)