EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English solein, from Anglo-Norman soleyn (alone), from Old French sole (single, sole, alone), from Latin sōlus (by oneself alone). The change in meaning from "single" to morose occurred in Middle English.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sŭlʹən, IPA(key): /ˈsʌlən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌlən
  • Hyphenation: sul‧len

AdjectiveEdit

sullen (comparative sullener, superlative sullenest)

  1. Having a brooding ill temper; sulky.
    • 1709, Matthew Prior, Pleasure
      And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast.
    • 2007, Steven Wilson, "Normal", Porcupine Tree, Nil Recurring.
      Sullen and bored the kids stay / And in this way wish away each day
  2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding.
    a sullen atmosphere
  3. Sluggish; slow.
  4. (obsolete) Lonely; solitary; desolate.
  5. (obsolete) Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
  6. (obsolete) Obstinate; intractable.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, Imprudence of Atheism
      Things are as sullen as we are.

SynonymsEdit

(in a bad mood):

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

sullen (plural sullens)

  1. (obsolete) One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  2. (chiefly in the plural) Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness.

AnagramsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch sulan

VerbEdit

sullen

  1. (auxiliary) must, to have to
  2. (auxiliary, negated) may, be allowed to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall, be going to (future tense)
    • 1249, Schepenbrief van Bochoute, Velzeke, eastern Flanders:
      Descepenen van bochouta quedden alle degene die dese lettren sien selen i(n) onsen here.
      The aldermen of Bochoute address all who will see this letter by our lord.
  4. (auxiliary, in the past tense) to be about to (inchoative)
  5. (modal auxiliary) indicates a possible or hypothetical situation
  6. (modal auxiliary) indicates information garnered from a third party that may or may not be reliable

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: zullen
    • Afrikaans: sal
    • Jersey Dutch: zal
    • Negerhollands: sa, sal
    • Skepi Creole Dutch: sa
  • Limburgish: zölle, zólle

Further readingEdit


Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

VerbEdit

sūllen

  1. first-person singular past indicative of suollit