survive

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman survivre, Old French survivre, from Late Latin supervivere (to outlive), from Latin super (over) + vivere (to live), akin to vita (life). See vivid. Compare devive, revive.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /səˈvaɪv/, /səˈvʌɪv/
  • (US) IPA(key): /sɚˈvaɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪv

VerbEdit

survive (third-person singular simple present survives, present participle surviving, simple past and past participle survived)

  1. (intransitive) Of a person, to continue to live; to remain alive.
  2. (intransitive) Of an object or concept, to continue to exist.
  3. (transitive) To live longer than; to outlive.
    His children survived him; he was survived by his children.
    • c. 1590–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
      And for that dowrie, Ile aſſure her of / Her widdow-hood, be it that ſhe ſuruiue me / In all my Lands and Leaſes whatſoeuer / Let ſpecialties be therefore drawne betweene vs, / That couenants may be kept on either hand.
    • 1817 December 31 (indicated as 1818), [Walter Scott], Rob Roy. [], volume (please specify |volume=I, II, or III), Edinburgh: [] James Ballantyne and Co. for Archibald Constable and Co. []; London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, OCLC 82790126:
      ‘I am afraid, as will happen in other cases, the treaty of alliance has survived the amicable dispositions in which it had its origin.’
    • 2020 January 22, Stuart Jeffries, “Terry Jones obituary”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Jones is survived by his second wife, Anna (nee Söderström), whom he married in 2012, and their daughter, Siri; and by Bill and Sally, the children of his first marriage, to Alison Telfer, which ended in divorce.
  4. (transitive) To live past a life-threatening event.
    He did not survive the accident.
  5. (transitive) To be a victim of usually non-fatal harm, to honor and empower the strength of an individual to heal, in particular a living victim of sexual abuse or assault.
  6. (transitive, sports) Of a team, to avoid relegation or demotion to a lower division or league.

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FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

survive

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of survivre