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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English swart, from Old English sweart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

AdjectiveEdit

swart (comparative swarter, superlative swartest)

  1. Of a dark hue; moderately black; swarthy; tawny.
    • 1400s: Thomas Occleve, Hymns to the Virgin
      Men schalle then sone se / Att mydday hytt shalle swarte be
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book 2
      A nation strange, with visage swart
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, “The Life and Death of King Iohn”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i]:
      Lame, foolish, crooked, swart, prodigious,
    • 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act II, Scene I, verses 91-92
      I'll choose a gaoler, whose swart monstrous face
      Shall be a hell to look upon […]
    • 1836, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Old Ticonderoga
      The merry soldiers footing it with the swart savage maids
    • 1925 Ezra Pound, "Canto I"
      [] unpierced ever
      With glitter of sun rays
      Nor with stars stretched, nor looking back from heaven
      Swartest night stretched over wretched men there.
  2. (Britain dialectal) Black.
  3. (obsolete) Gloomy; malignant.
    • 1905, Samuel Major Gardenhire, The Silence of Mrs. Harrold - Page 277:
      The keeping eunuchs were at back, solemn in stately rows, bespeared and bescimitared, the Danish, Irish, and German of their countenances lost in the daub which made them swart.
    • 1906, Lord Dunsany, Time and the Gods
      Suddenly the swart figure of Time stood up before the gods, with both hands dripping with blood and a red sword dangling idly from his fingers, and said: “Sardathrion is gone! I have overthrown it!”
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

swart (plural swarts)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Black or dark dyestuff; something of a certain swart; something of a certain ocker.

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English swarten, from Old English sweartian, from Proto-Germanic *swartōną.

VerbEdit

swart (third-person singular simple present swarts, present participle swarting, simple past and past participle swarted)

  1. (transitive) To make swart or tawny; blacken; tan.
    to swart a living part
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica
      [] the heate of the Sun, whose fervor may swarte a living part, and even black a dead or dissolving flesh,

Etymology 3Edit

Variant of sward.

NounEdit

swart (uncountable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of sward
    • 1587: Raphael Holinshed, Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland [1]
      Howbeit where the rocks and quarrie grounds are, I take the swart of the earth to be so thin, that no tree of anie greatnesse, other than shrubs and bushes, is able to grow or prosper long therein for want of sufficient moisture wherewith to feed them with fresh humour, or at the leastwise of mould []

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

German Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /swart/, /swaːt/, /svaːt/
  • IPA(key): /zwart/, /zwaːt/
  • IPA(key): /swat/, /svat/

AdjectiveEdit

swart (comparative swärter, superlative swärtst)

  1. black

DeclensionEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

swart

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐍅𐌰𐍂𐍄

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch swart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

AdjectiveEdit

swart

  1. black

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: zwart
  • Limburgish: zwart
  • West Flemish: zwort

Further readingEdit

  • swart”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “swart (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English sweart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz; compare Middle Dutch swart, Middle Low German swart, Middle High German swarz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

swart (plural and weak singular swarte, comparative swarter)

  1. Dark, oppressive, blackened.
  2. Black; swart.
    1. Black-skinned, swarthy; having dark skin.
    2. (rare) Bruised, heavily wounded.
  3. (rare) Evil, malign.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

AdjectiveEdit

swart

  1. black

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit


ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English swart, from Old English sweart, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

NounEdit

swart (plural swarts)

  1. Black or dark dyestuff.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse svartr.

AdjectiveEdit

swart (comparative mair swart, superlative maist swart)

  1. Black; swarthy.
Derived termsEdit

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian swart, swert, from Proto-Germanic *swartaz.

AdjectiveEdit

swart

  1. black

InflectionEdit

Inflection of swart
uninflected swart
inflected swarte
comparative swarter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial swart swarter it swartst
it swartste
indefinite c. sing. swarte swartere swartste
n. sing. swart swarter swartste
plural swarte swartere swartste
definite swarte swartere swartste
partitive swarts swarters

Further readingEdit

  • swart (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

NounEdit

swart n (plural swarten)

  1. black

Further readingEdit

  • swart (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011