umbrage

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French ombrage (umbrage), from Old French ombrage, from Latin umbrāticus (in the shade), from umbra (shadow, shade).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʌm.bɹɪdʒ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

umbrage (countable and uncountable, plural umbrages)

  1. A feeling of anger or annoyance caused by something offensive.
    Synonyms: annoyance, displeasure, odium, offense, resentment, huff, miff, peeve, pique
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[Episode 16]”, in Ulysses, London: The Egoist Press, published October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      —He took umbrage at something or other, that muchinjured but on the whole eventempered person declared, I let slip.
    • 1960, Muriel Spark, chapter 10, in The Bachelors, London: Macmillan:
      She looked very neurotic, moving in a jerky way, her body giving little twitches of habitual umbrage.
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter VI:
      If she knew [a psychiatrist was] observing her son with a view to finding out if he was foggy between the ears, there would be umbrage on her part, or even dudgeon.
    • 2020 June 3, Wesley Morris, “The Videos That Rocked America. The Song That Knows Our Rage.”, in New York Times[1]:
      When the call is over, Cooper thanks her — for leashing the dog, but for also endangering him, for living down to herself, for quite a performance of umbrage.
  2. A feeling of doubt.
    Synonym: suspicion
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. Leaves that provide shade, as the foliage of trees.
  4. (obsolete) Shadow; shade.
    • 1602, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act V scene 1
      [...] but in the verity of extolment I take him to be a soul of great article and his infusion of such dearth and rareness as, to make true diction of him, his semblable in his mirror, and who else would trace him, his umbrage, nothing more.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

umbrage (third-person singular simple present umbrages, present participle umbraging, simple past and past participle umbraged)

  1. (transitive) To displease or cause offense.
  2. (transitive) To shade.

TranslationsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

umbrage m (plural umbrages)

  1. shadow