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LatvianEdit

 Vilnis on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Viļņi (1)
Vilnis (2)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a more recent yo-stem variant *wil-nyo- of *wil-na (compare the Slavic cognates), from Proto-Baltic *wil- with an extra suffix -na, from Proto-Indo-European *wel-, *wl̥- ‎(to turn, to roll, to curl). Some researchers suggest that this stem is related to, or the same as, the stem of vilna ‎(wool) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian vilnìs, Old Church Slavonic вльна ‎(vlĭna), Old East Slavic вълна ‎(vŭlna), Russian волна ‎(volná), Ukrainian вовна ‎(vovná), Bulgarian вълна ‎(vǎlná), Czech vlna, Polish welna, Proto-Germanic *welnan ‎(to curl, to scroll) (Old High German wellan ‎(to curl, to scroll), wella ‎(source), German Welle ‎(wave)), Sanskrit ऊर्मि ‎(ūrmí, wave) (< *wl̥H-mi-).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

vilnis m (2nd declension)

  1. wave (elevation of water surface due to a disturbance)
    jūras, okeāna viļņi — see, ocean waves
    liels vilnis — large wave
    augsti viļņi — high waves
    paisuma viļņi — tidal waves
    viļņa mugura — back of the wave
    viļņi sitas, skalojas pret krastu — the waves pound, lap against the shore
    nirt viļņos — to dive into the waves
  2. (physics) wave (oscillatory motion in a medium, e.g., air)
    gaismas viļņu teorija — the wave theory of light
    viļņa garumswavelength
    elektromagnētiskie, seismiskie, skaņu viļņi — electromagnetic, seismic, sound waves
    garie, vidējie, īsie, ultraīsie viļņi — long, medium, short, VHF waves
    mikroviļņi, mikroviļņu krāsnsmicrowaves, microwave oven
  3. wave (elevation of something in a way similar to, or reminiscent of, water waves)
    zaļos viļņos sašūpojas rudzu lauks te blakus — the rye fields were rocking in green waves near here
    viņai bija tumši mati, kas viļņiem krita uz pleciem — she had dark hair, which fell like waves on (her) shoulders
  4. wave (group (of living beings) which moves, usually behind another such group)
    otrais uzbrucēju vilnis — second wave of attackers
    turistu vilnis — a wave of tourists
    melnais vārnu vilnis' — a black wave of crows (birds)
  5. wave (amplification or strong expression of an action, activity, process, feeling)
    protesta vilnis — a protest wave
    streiku vilnis — a wave of strikes
    jauns baumu vilnis — a new wave of rumors
    sajūsmas, sašutuma vilins — delight, indignation wave
    aplausu vilnis — a wave of applause
    jauns aukstuma vilnis — a new cold wave
    Andri pārņem prieka vilnis — Andris was overwhelmed by a wave of joy
    pēkšņi viņu pārvarēja maiguma vilnis — suddenly he was overcome by a wave' of tenderness

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vilnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lt

NounEdit

vilnìs f ‎(plural vĩlnys) stress pattern 4

  1. wave

DeclensionEdit


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