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vīnum (wine)

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Italic *wīnom, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyh₁nom.



vīnum n (genitive vīnī); second declension

  1. wine
    In vīnō vēritās.
    In wine lies the truth.
  2. (figuratively) grapes
  3. (figuratively) a grapevine


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīnum vīna
Genitive vīnī vīnōrum
Dative vīnō vīnīs
Accusative vīnum vīna
Ablative vīnō vīnīs
Vocative vīnum vīna



Derived termsEdit

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Celtic: *wīnom (see there for further descendants)
  • English: vinyl (+ -yl) (see there for further descendants)
  • Etruscan: 𐌅𐌉𐌍𐌖𐌌 (vinum), 𐌅𐌉𐌍𐌌 (vinm)
  • Germanic: *wīną (see there for further descendants)
  • Slavic: *vino (see there for further descendants)



  • vinum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vinum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vinum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vinum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)
    • to be given to drink: vino deditum esse, indulgere
  • vinum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vinum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin