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EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wirken and würken/wurken. The verb wirken is derived from Proto-Germanic *wirkijaną, whereas würken/wurken is derived from *wurkijaną; both verbs from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɪʁkən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: wir‧ken

VerbEdit

wirken (third-person singular simple present wirkt, past tense wirkte, past participle gewirkt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to work (to function correctly)
  2. to be effective
  3. to take effect
  4. to act, behave as
  5. (manufacturing) to knit
  6. (baking) to knead

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “wirken”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • wirken in Duden online
  • wirken” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wirkijaną.

VerbEdit

wirken

  1. to work
  2. to build, to make

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Dutch: werken
    • Dutch: werken
    • Limburgish: wèrke

Further readingEdit

  • wirken”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012