Last modified on 30 April 2014, at 12:21

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
公-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

公 公 公 公
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金戈 (CI), four-corner 80732, composition)

  1. fair, equitable
  2. public
  3. duke
  4. male (for animals, not humans)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 126, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1452
  • Dae Jaweon: page 277, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 242, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+516C

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping gung1, Yale gung1)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 公安 (こうあん, kōan)
  • 公演 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公園 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公開 (こうかい, kōkai)
  • 公共 (こうきょう, kōkyō)
  • 公私 (こうし, kōshi)
  • 公爵 (こうしゃく, kōshaku)
  • 公衆 (こうしゅう, kōshū)
  • 公認 (こうにん, kōnin)

NounEdit

(hiragana おおやけ, romaji ōyake, historical hiragana おほやけ)

  1. official, governmental

(hiragana こう, romaji , historical hiragana こう)

  1. prince, duke

PronounEdit

(hiragana きみ, romaji kimi, historical hiragana きみ)

  1. Alternative form of .

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong)
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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin gōng (gong1), Wade-Giles kung1)

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CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*gung)

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Usage notesEdit

For the meaning of male, "公" can be collocated with the names of animals, such as 公 (male) + 羊 (sheep) -> 公羊 (ram)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

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