Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 02:57

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
公-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

公 公 公 公
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金戈 (CI), four-corner 80732, composition)

  1. fair, equitable
  2. public
  3. duke
  4. male (for animals, not humans)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 126, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1452
  • Dae Jaweon: page 277, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 242, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+516C

ChineseEdit

 
just; honorable (designation); public; common
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (公), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*C.qˤoŋ/ impartial, just; public
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*C.qˤoŋ/ father; prince

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4092 0 /*kloːŋ/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 公安 (こうあん, kōan)
  • 公演 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公園 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公開 (こうかい, kōkai)
  • 公共 (こうきょう, kōkyō)
  • 公私 (こうし, kōshi)
  • 公爵 (こうしゃく, kōshaku)
  • 公衆 (こうしゅう, kōshū)
  • 公認 (こうにん, kōnin)

NounEdit

(hiragana おおやけ, romaji ōyake, historical hiragana おほやけ)

  1. official, governmental

(hiragana こう, romaji , historical hiragana こう)

  1. prince, duke

PronounEdit

(hiragana きみ, romaji kimi, historical hiragana きみ)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.