Last modified on 16 December 2014, at 08:36

可能

ChineseEdit

 
can; may; able to; certain(ly); to suit; (particle used for emphasis)
 
ability; can; may; capable; energy; able
simp. and trad.
(可能)

EtymologyEdit

From  ("can, may") +  ("able, ability"). Attested in Old Chinese; original meanings were "to be able to, competent", "can be achieved, possible".

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (可能, reconstructed)
Character (可), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 枯我切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰaX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/
Character (能), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴登切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (可能, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khaX › /*[k]ʰˤa[j]ʔ/ may; acceptable
néng ‹ nong › /*nˤəә(ʔ) (~ *nˤəәŋ)/ able; ability

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7446 1 /*kʰaːlʔ/
9415 0 /*nɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

可能

  1. to be competent to, to have the ability to
  2. can be achieved; to be possible
    • 可能 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    • 可能 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      Yǎng, kěnéng yě, jìng wéi nán. [Pinyin]
      One may be able to support them; the difficulty is in doing so with the proper reverence.
  3. maybe, perhaps, probably; might, may
  4. possibility, probability

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (可能):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
のう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 可能 (khaXnong).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

可能 (-na inflection, hiragana かのう, romaji kanō)

  1. possible
  2. feasible

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

可能 (hiragana かのう, romaji kanō)

  1. possibility, good chance
    可能の (kanō no) — possible
  2. feasibility

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

可能 (ganeung) (hangeul 가능)

  1. Hanja form? of 가능, “possible”.