Last modified on 15 April 2015, at 19:50

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
為-order.gif

Han characterEdit

為 為 為
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈大弓火 (IKNF), four-corner 20227)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 669, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18981
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2198, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+70BA

ChineseEdit

-
trad. /
simp.

Glyph originEdit

The Shang form of the character meant "elephant", probably a pictograph. Later borrowed for a similar-sounding verb.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (為), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 薳支切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiuᴇ/ /wie̯/ /ɣiue/ /ɦʷiɛ/ /ɦwiə̆/ /ɣǐwe/ /ɣjuɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wéi ‹ hjwe › /*ɢʷ(r)aj/ make, do, act as

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1 /*ɢʷal/ 俗爲字

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to do, to make
  2. (to turn, to transform) into, to
  3. to be (equivalent to, equal to)
  4. to take something as
  5. to act as; to serve as; to behave as
  6. as (in the capacity of)

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wèi ‹ hjweH › /*ɢʷ(r)aj-s/ for, because

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1 /*ɢʷals/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. for; to
  2. because of

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

VerbEdit

(irregular conjugation, hiragana , romaji su)

  1. to do

Derived termsEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wi) (hangeul ) (wi; hangul: )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vi, vị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.