Last modified on 14 August 2014, at 05:27
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Stroke order
事-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 6 +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十中中弓 (JLLN), four-corner 50007)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 85, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 241
  • Dae Jaweon: page 174, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 23, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E8B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (事), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 側吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨH/ /ʈ͡ʂiH/ /t͡ʃiəH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨH/ /t͡ʃĭəH/ /t͡ʃieH/
Character (事), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 鉏吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨH/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiH/ /d͡ʒiəH/ /ɖ͡ʐɨH/ /ɖ͡ʐɨH/ /d͡ʒĭəH/ /d͡ʒieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzriH › /*[m-s-]rəәʔ-s/ serve; service, affair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11485 0 /*ʔsrɯs/ 見漢書又作剚倳
11486 0 /*zrɯs/ 史吏轉註字

NounEdit

  1. thing; matter
    耶和华神对女人说,你作的是什么事呢?女人说,那蛇引诱我,我就吃了。
    Yēhéhuá shén duì nǚrén shuō , nǐ zuò de shì shénme shì ne . nǚrén shuō , nà shé yǐnyòu wǒ , wǒ jiù chī le .
    And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
    • 曹雪琴《紅樓夢》(第一零七回):“今日我們傳你來,有遵旨問你的事。”
  2. job; career
    • 魏金枝《再说“卖文”》(《文饭小品》第三期 ,一九三五年四月)“茅盾的一个亲戚,想到我在教书的教会学校里来找事做了。”

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. serve
    • 《新唐書》(卷123):“李嶠,字巨山,趙州贊皇人。早孤,事母孝。”

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (koto, word). Possibly cognate with Korean (geot).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こと, romaji koto)

  1. broadly, any abstract thing, affair, matter, or fact
    1. a thing, occasion, circumstances, detail, particular
      些細 (ささい) (こと)だ。
      sasai na koto da.
      It is a trivial matter.
      いやしくもなすに () (こと)なら立派 (りっぱ)にやるだけの価値 (かち)がある。
      iyashiku mo nasu ni taru koto nara rippa ni yaru dake no kachi ga aru.
      If a thing is worth doing at all, it is worth doing well.
    2. act of (word used for the nominalization of verbs, adjectives, or phrases)
      ある程度 (ていど)まで (わたし)はあなたの () (こと)賛成 (さんせい)です。
      aru teido made watashi wa anata no iu koto ni sansei desu.
      I agree with what you say to some extent.
    3. (by extension) experience, having been or done (used with ある, ga aru)
      京都 (きょうと) ()った (こと) ()りますか。
      kyōto ni itta koto ga arimasuka.
      Have you ever been to Kyoto?
       (かれ)学校 (がっこう)遅刻 (ちこく)する (こと) ()る。
      kare wa gakkō ni chikoku suru koto ga aru.
      He is sometimes late for school.
    4. event of special importance: affair, something, incident, case, occurrence, trouble
      大変 (たいへん) (こと) ()こった。
      taihen na koto ga okotta.
      A terrible accident occurred.
    5. business matters, affairs, business, work, duty
       (あわ)てて (こと) (はこ)ぶとミスをしますよ。
      awatete koto o hakobu to misu o shimasu yo.
      You make mistakes if you do things in a hurry.

Usage notesEdit

(koto) is used for abstract things, such as an action or concept. (mono) is used for more concrete things, such as a chair or toothbrush.

PhrasesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sự, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit