Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 04:43

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (mouth)

唐 and were near-homophones in Old Chinese (唐 *(kə)-rˤaŋ, 庚 *kˤraŋ; the OC initial for 唐 is less certain). 口 "mouth" refers to the older meaning "to exaggerate, to boast."

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈中口 (ILR), four-corner 00267, composition广)

NounEdit

  1. Tang Dynasty
  2. a surname

AdjectiveEdit

  1. Chinese

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 192, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 411, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 633, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5510

ChineseEdit

Tang dynasty (618-907)
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (唐), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徒郎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑŋ/ /dʱɑŋ/ /dɑŋ/ /dɑŋ/ /daŋ/ /dɑŋ/ /dɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tāng ‹ thang › /*r̥ ˤaŋ/ name of first Shang ruler
táng ‹ dang › /*[N-]rˤaŋ/ exaggerate; great
táng ‹ dang › /*[N].rˤaŋ/ 棠棣 cherry tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3959 0 /*ɡl'aːŋ/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 毛唐 (ketō): foreigner, Westerner
  • 毛唐人 (けとうじん, ketōjin; けたうじん)
  • 唐音 (tōon): Tang reading of kanji
  • 唐辛子 (tōgarashi): red pepper

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とう, romaji )

  1. the Tang Dynasty, which ruled China from 618 to 907

NounEdit

(hiragana から, romaji kara)

  1. (formal, dated) China; Cathay

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đường, đằng, đàng, giềng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.