Last modified on 27 September 2014, at 17:41

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
新-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hazelnut tree) +  (axe) – to cut down a tree with an axe (hence starting something new). 亲/辛 also used for phonetic value.

Han characterEdit

(radical 69 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜木竹一中 (YDHML), four-corner 02921, composition)

  1. new
  2. recent
  3. fresh
  4. modern

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 480, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2026, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+65B0

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (新), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪn/ /si̯ĕn/ /siĕn/ /sin/ /sin/ /sĭĕn/ /sjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sin › /*C.sin {*C.si[n]}/ new
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13811 2 /*siŋ/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. new; fresh

AntonymsEdit

  • (jiù, "old, former")

AdverbEdit

  1. newly; freshly; recently

PrefixEdit

  1. neo-
  2. (chemistry) meso-

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Xin
  2. abbreviation for Xinjiang ( 新疆 )
  3. abbreviation for Singapore ( 新加坡 )

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin-)

  1. new

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tâng, huy)

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