Last modified on 31 October 2014, at 08:01

See also:

TranslingualEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𠦝 (abbreviation of ) + semantic ("surround")

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Han characterEdit

(radical 178 +8, 17 strokes, cangjie input 十十木一手 (JJDMQ), four-corner 44456, composition𠦝)

  1. fence
  2. Han, an ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou dynasty and the QinHan interregnum
  3. the realm of this former state under other rulers
  4. (astronomy) the star Zeta Ophiuchi in traditional Chinese astronomy, named for this state
  5. A surname, named for this state
  6. Common designation of Mahan (마한, 馬韓), Byeonhan (변한, 弁韓), and Jinhan (진한, 辰韓). ancient three tribal federations located on southern part of the Korean peninsula
  7. Korea (synonym of 조선)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (韓), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡安切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑn/ /ɣɑn/ /ɣɑn/ /ɦɑn/ /ɦan/ /ɣɑn/ /ɣɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hán ‹ han › /*[g]ˤar/ (state in the Korean peninsula; Three Kingdoms period)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3702 1 /*ɡaːn/

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(han)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: han, McCune-Reischauer: han, Yale: han)
  • Name (hangeul): 한국 (revised: hanguk, McCune-Reischauer: hanguk, Yale: hankwuk)
  1. Korea, the Republic of Korea

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hàn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.