Last modified on 17 November 2014, at 05:42
See also: 日月

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

The traditional etymology follows the modern form in finding Ideogrammic compound (會意): (sun) + (moon). However, the etymology may be somewhat less simple, as alleged older forms of the character show the moon shining through a window ().

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (明), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 武兵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣiæŋ/ /mi̯ɐŋ/ /miɐŋ/ /mɯiaŋ/ /miajŋ/ /mĭɐŋ/ /miaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
míng ‹ mjaeng › /*mraŋ/ bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9188 0 /*mraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bright, light, brilliant
  2. clear
  3. tomorrow
  4. next, following
  5. Ming Dynasty
  6. a surname, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing
  7. a (usually masculine) given name, sometimes used as a generic Chinese male name, like John.

CompoundsEdit

PhrasesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(minh)

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