Last modified on 2 May 2015, at 03:21

地震

ChineseEdit

 
earth; ground; field; place; land; (subor. part. adverbial); -ly
shake; shock; sign in trigram
simp. and trad.
(地震)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

地震

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) earthquake

Related termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しん
Grade: S
on'yomi

/disin/ > /zisin/. Literally "ground shake".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana じしん, romaji jishin, historical hiragana ぢしん)

  1. shaking of the earth; an earthquake
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/nawi/ > /nai/. Japanese looses labialization before non-open vowels.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana ない, romaji nai, historical hiragana なゐ)

  1. an earthquake
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (year 415)
      五年秋七月丙子朔己丑、地震。先是、命葛城襲津彦之孫玉田宿禰、主瑞齒別天皇之殯。則當地震夕、遣尾張連吾襲、察殯宮之消息。時諸人悉聚無闕。
    • 1212, Hōjōki
      また、同じころかとよ、おびたゝしく大地震ふること侍き。[...] 恐れのなかに恐るべかりけるは、只地震なりけりとこそ覺え侍しか。[...] よのつね、驚くほどの地震、二三十度ふらぬ日はなし。

Etymology 3Edit

/nawi/ > /nai/ > /nae/. Middle Japanese /e/ was realized as [je], hence the below citation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana なえ, romaji nae)

  1. an earthquake
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 455)
      Naye. ナエ(地震) 地震. Nayega yuru. (地震が揺る) 地震がする.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

地震 (jijin) (hangeul 지진)

  1. Hanja form? of 지진, “earthquake”.

Related termsEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3