地震

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology 1Edit

/disin/ > /zisin/. Literally "ground shake".

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [dʑiɕiɴ]
  • Homophone: 自信 (confidence), 自身 (one's self), 時針 (hour-hand (of clock or watch)), 磁針 (compass), 磁心 (magnetic core)

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana じしん, historical hiragana ぢしん, romaji jishin)

  1. shaking of the earth; an earthquake
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/nawi/ > /nai/. Japanese looses labialization before non-open vowels.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana ない, historical hiragana なゐ, romaji nai)

  1. an earthquake
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (year 415)
      五年秋七月丙子朔己丑、地震。先是、命葛城襲津彦之孫玉田宿禰、主瑞齒別天皇之殯。則當地震夕、遣尾張連吾襲、察殯宮之消息。時諸人悉聚無闕。
    • 1212, Hōjōki
      また、同じころかとよ、おびたゝしく大地震ふること侍き。[...] 恐れのなかに恐るべかりけるは、只地震なりけりとこそ覺え侍しか。[...] よのつね、驚くほどの地震、二三十度ふらぬ日はなし。

Etymology 3Edit

/nawi/ > /nai/ > /nae/. Middle Japanese /e/ was realized as [je], hence the below citation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

地震 (hiragana なえ, romaji nae)

  1. an earthquake
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 455)
      Naye. ナエ(地震) 地震. Nayega yuru. (地震が揺る) 地震がする.

ReferencesEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin dìzhèn
Zhuyin ㄉㄧˋ ㄓㄣˋ
IPA (key) /ti⁵¹⁻⁵³ ʈ͡ʂən⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

NounEdit

地震 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin dìzhèn)

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) earthquake

Related termsEdit

Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 02:00