Last modified on 17 September 2014, at 11:46

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – nature, personal quality, hence of the heart.

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹手一 (PHQM), four-corner 95010, composition)

  1. nature, character
  2. sex, gender

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 381, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10478
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2286, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6027

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (性), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息正切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇŋH/ /si̯ɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siajŋH/ /sĭɛŋH/ /siæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xìng ‹ sjengH › /*seŋ-s/ nature
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11358 0 /*sleŋs/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one's nature
  2. characteristic
  3. sex, gender
  4. content

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. sex, gender
  2. (grammar) gender

SynonymsEdit

(hiragana さが, romaji saga)

SynonymsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. -ity, -ness, the nature of quality or something

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. nature of something

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tính, dính, tánh)

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