Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 21:25

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
道-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walking) + phonetic 𩠐. Simplified to  + .

道 道 道 道
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿竹山 (YTHU), four-corner 38306, composition)

  1. path, road, street
  2. method, way
  3. say

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1262, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39010
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1754, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3864, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9053

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronounciationEdit


ClassifierEdit

  1. measure word for long things
  2. measure word for barriers
  3. measure word for courses in a meal, dish
  4. measure word for questions (in an exam)
  5. measure word for order, proclamation


NounEdit

  1. Word
    • John 1.1
      太初有,道与神同在,道就是神。
      Taìchū yǒu Dào, Dào yǔ Shén tóngzaì, Dào jiùshì Shén.
      In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
    • 1John 1.1
      论到从起初原有的生命之,就是我们所听见所看见,亲眼看过,亲手摸过的。
      Lùndào cóng qǐchū yuányǒu de shēngmìng zhī dào, jiù shì wǒmen suǒ tīngjiàn suǒ kànjiàn de, qīnyǎn kànguo, qīnshǒu mōguo de.
      That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;
  2. way, path

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. road; way

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/dau//dɔː//doː/

From Middle Chinese (dhɑ̀u, road; way). Compare modern Mandarin (dào), Cantonese (dou6).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana どう, romaji , historical hiragana だう)

  1. The Way: tao, Taoism
  2. (chiefly historical) A region of Japan consisting of multiple provinces or prefectures. Feudal Japan was divided into several ; the only remaining is Hokkaidō.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana どう, romaji )

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[2] May be cognate with Korean (gil, “road”).

More often written as .

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -chi)

  1. (obsolete) attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
    This usage has generally been replaced by -ji below.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Derived as a sound shift from chi above.[2]

More often written as .

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. a road, a street
     (やま) () (なが) ()
    yama-ji, naga-ji
    a mountain road, a long road
  2. attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
    奈良 (なら) ()
    Nara-ji
    Road to Nara
  3. attaches to a time duration, indicating a trip taking that length of time
    四日 (よっか) ()
    yokka-ji
    a trip of four days, a four-day-long trip

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
みち
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of (mi, honorific prefix) +‎ (, road, street, way).[2] The prefix mi was in reference to the (kami, god or spirit) of roads.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

, , ,

NounEdit

(hiragana みち, romaji michi)

  1. a way, a street, a road, an alley, a path, a pass for local traffic
  2. a way of doing something
Usage notesEdit

This is the most common term for “road”, “street”, or “way” in modern Japanese.

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana みち, romaji Michi)

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Irregular

Used as ateji in various names.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana すすむ, romaji Susumu)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たお, romaji Tao)

  1. A female given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ただし, romaji Tadashi)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ただす, romaji Tadasu)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana どうざき, romaji Dōzaki)

  1. A surname​.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A female given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana なおし, romaji Naoshi)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ふみ, romaji Fumi)

  1. A female given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana みちざき, romaji Michizaki)

  1. A surname​.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana みちひろ, romaji Michihiro)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana もとい, romaji Motoi)

  1. A male given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana わたる, romaji Wataru)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(do)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: do, McCune-Reischauer: to, Yale: to)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đạo, dạo, nhạo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.