Last modified on 10 June 2014, at 05:14

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
姓-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Radical: (woman) + (born) ("the woman we were borne from gives us our name")

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女竹手一 (VHQM), four-corner 45410, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 259, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1037, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59D3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姓), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息正切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇŋH/ /si̯ɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siajŋH/ /sĭɛŋH/ /siæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xìng ‹ sjengH › /*seŋ-s/ surname
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11359 0 /*sleŋs/

NounEdit

  1. family name; surname
  2. (archaic) clan

VerbEdit

  1. to be surnamed, to be called (family name)
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nín guì xìng? [Pinyin]
      What is your surname? (formal)

SynonymsEdit

  • ("to call, to be called")

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tính)

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