Last modified on 4 December 2014, at 20:56

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – bag tied at both ends (earlier forms were often vertically symmetric).

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木中 (DL), four-corner 50906, composition)

  1. bind, control, restrain
  2. bale

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 512, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14480
  • Dae Jaweon: page 898, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1158, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+675F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (束), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 書玉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨok̚/ /ɕi̯wok̚/ /ɕiok̚/ /ɕiok̚/ /ɕuawk̚/ /ɕĭwok̚/ /ɕiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shù ‹ syowk › /*s-tʰok/ bind; bundle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11893 0 /*hljoɡ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 束髪 (sokuhatsu): bundled hair
  • 束帯 (sokutai): old ceremonial court dress
  • 束縛 (sokubaku): restraint, shackles
  • 束ね (tabane): bundle, management
  • 装束 (shōzoku): costume, attire
  • 約束 (yakusoku): arrangement, convention
  • 拘束 (kōsoku): restriction, restraint
  • 結束 (kessoku): union, unity
  • 花束 (hanataba): bunch of flowers

CounterEdit

(hiragana たば, romaji -taba)

  1. counter for bundles
    それは一束十円 (ひとたばじゅうえん)値段 (ねだん)でした
    sore wa hitotaba jū en no nedan deshita
    They cost 10 yen a bundle

(hiragana そく, romaji -soku)

  1. large bundles

NounEdit

(hiragana たば, romaji taba)

  1. bundle, bunch, batch, sheaf, coil
     (かれ) (ふる)手紙 (てがみ) (たば)にした
    kare wa furui tegami o taba ni shita
    He bound old letters into a bundle

(hiragana つか, romaji tsuka)

  1. handbreadth, bundle

SuffixEdit

(hiragana たば, romaji -taba)

  1. bundle

(hiragana そく, romaji -soku)

  1. (mathematics) lattice

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sok) (hangeul , revised sok, McCune-Reischauer sok, Yale sok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thúc, thút, súc, thót, thóc)

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