Last modified on 12 February 2015, at 04:30

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (fire) - burning crops with fire.
In autumn, the Ancient Chinese would burn the fields to kill the locust eggs, in order to prevent them from eating the crops the following year.

Stroke order
秋-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木火 (HDF), four-corner 29980, composition)

  1. autumn, fall
  2. year

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 850, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24940
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1273, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79CB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (秋), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七由切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɨu/ /t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/ /t͡sʰiu/ /t͡sʰiu/ /t͡sʰuw/ /t͡sʰĭəu/ /t͡sʰiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiū ‹ tshjuw › /*tsʰiw/ autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10537 2 /*sʰɯw/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. autumn

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. autumn, fall (season)

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'u, Yale: chwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 가을 (Yale: kaulchwu)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thu)

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