Last modified on 18 July 2014, at 08:15

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈土土 (LIGG), four-corner 54114, composition)

  1. frog

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1081, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1549, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2847, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86D9

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蛙), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏媧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣuɛ/ /ʔwai/ /ʔuɛ/ /ʔʷɯæ/ /ʔwaɨj/ /wai/ /ʔuæi/
Character (蛙), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏瓜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣua/ /ʔwa/ /ʔua/ /ʔʷɯa/ /ʔwaɨ/ /wa/ /ʔua/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ 'wea › /*qʷˤre/ frog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4552 0 /*qʷraː/ 見漢書即說文鼃
4567 0 /*qʷreː/ 見漢書即說文鼃

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Etymology 1Edit

/kaheru/: [kaperu] → [kaɸeru] → [kaweru] → [kaeru]. The loss of the medial -w- is due to the following -e as Japanese ceased to distinguish between /e, we/.

NounEdit

Agalychnis callidryas.jpg

(hiragana かえる, romaji kaeru, historical hiragana かへる)

  1. frog

Etymology 2Edit

/kahazu/: [kapazu] → [kaɸazu] → [kawazu].

NounEdit

(hiragana かわず, romaji kawazu, historical hiragana かはづ)

  1. frog
Derived termsEdit
ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wa, wae) (hangeul , , revised wa, wae, McCune-Reischauer wa, wae, Yale wa, way)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(oa)

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