TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  – a type of plant.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木土土 (DGG), four-corner 44914)

  1. osmanthus, sweet osmanthus
  2. cassia, Chinese cinnamon
  3. true cinnamon, Saigon cinnamon, Indonesian cinnamon
  4. laurel, bay laurel
  5. of or relating to Guilin, Guangxi, or the region of the Gui River

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 525, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1193, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6842

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale gwai3)


JapaneseEdit

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KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. the katsura, the Japanese Judas tree
  2. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  3. the sweet osmanthus tree

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

桂(カツラ)の葉っぱ

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (ka, fragrance, good smell) +‎ (zu, to come out, to put something out) + (ra, nominalizing suffix): "that which puts out a good smell", from the way the wood smells good.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (uncommon)

NounEdit

(hiragana かつら, romaji katsura)

  1. the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum, also called the Japanese Judas tree
  2. less commonly, the smaller Cercidiphyllum magnificum tree, more specifically called the 広葉桂 or ヒロハカツラ (hiroha katsura, broadleaf katsura).
  3. a tree on the moon, from a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by Lauraceae trees budding, blossoming, then dropping their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons
  4. julienned raw daikon, used as a garnish for sashimi
  5. alternate word for 肉桂 (nikkei, the cinnamon or cassia tree) or 桂皮 (keihi, cinnamon or cassia bark)
Derived termsEdit
  • 桂男 (かつらおとこ, katsura otoko): the katsura man, a character in the Chinese legend who lives on the moon

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana かつら, romaji Katsura)

  1. A male given name
  2. the west bank of the Katsura River in Kyōto
桂(めかつら)の葉っぱ

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Alternate spelling for 女桂 (mekatsura, female katsura), an archaic name for the cinnamon tree. Compare 男桂 (okatsura, male katsura: the katsura tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 女桂 (めかつら, mekatsura)

NounEdit

(hiragana めかつら, romaji mekatsura)

  1. the cinnamon tree, or other closely related trees in genus Cinnamomum
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Sinitic .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  2. common name for various other trees in family Lauraceae
  3. in China, the 木犀 (mokusei) or sweet osmanthus tree
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by kei trees, which would bud, blossom, then drop their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. (euphemistic) the moon
SynonymsEdit
将棋の

Etymology 5Edit

Abbreviation of 桂馬 (keima), the knight in 将棋 (shōgi, Japanese chess).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. the knight in 将棋 (shōgi, Japanese chess)
SynonymsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin guì (gui4), Wade-Giles kuei4)

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quế)

Last modified on 12 April 2014, at 07:50