Last modified on 21 August 2014, at 13:28

TranslingualEdit

Letter e.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER E
Codepoint U+0065
d ← Basic Latin → f
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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Approximate form of upper case letter E that was the source for lower case e Modification of capital letter E, from Ancient Greek letter Ε (E, Epsilon).

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

Wikipedia

Wikipedia

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459
  2. (IPA) close-mid front unrounded vowel
  3. (algebra, group theory) identity element
    ae = ea = a
  4. (physics) electron

SynonymsEdit

  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I

See alsoEdit

Other representations of E:


EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter e and split of æ, ea, eo, and œ, from five 7th century replacements of Anglo-Saxon Futhorcs by Latin letters:

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc ᛖ (e) Old English lower case letter e, from replacement by Latin letter e of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (e).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚫ (æ) Old English lower case letter æ from replacement by Latin ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc ᛠ (ea) Old English lower case digraph ea, from replacement by Latin digraph ea of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (ea).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc ᛇ (ēo) Old English lower case digraph eo from replacement by Latin digraph eo of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc (ēo).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc ᛟ (œ) Old English lower case letter œ from replacement by Latin ligature œ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (œ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /iː/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /iː/, /ə/, /eɪ/
  • In addition to the phonemes noted above, "e" can also be silent, representing no sound itself but indicating which phoneme another letter in the word represents. See the article "Silent e" on Wikipedia.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Coordinate termsEdit

NumberEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

e (plural e's)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.
  2. (mathematics) the base of the natural logarithm, 2.718281828459045…

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

AlbanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    S'e di.
    I don't know (it).

ArticleEdit

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases

See alsoEdit


AngolarEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. he

AromanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

SynonymsEdit


AzeriEdit

LetterEdit

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BretonEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. his

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. in

Usage notesEdit

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.


CatalanEdit

NounEdit

e f (plural es)

  1. The Latin letter E (lowercase e).

CorsicanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e (plural e-oj, accusative singular e-on, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See alsoEdit


FalaEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of i.

FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

HawaiianEdit

ParticleEdit

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same Uralic root *e as Finnish että and Estonian et.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. (archaic) this (used as a pronoun, that is, instead of a noun phrase, with postpositions taking nouns with cases)
    • 1836: Vörösmarty Mihály, Szózat
      A nagy világon e kivűl (modern spelling: kívül)
      Nincsen számodra hely;

DeterminerEdit

e (demonstrative)

  1. this
    E házban lakott Petőfi Sándor - Petőfi Sándor lived in this house.

SynonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

ezen a helyen - e helyen (at this place)
ebben a házban - e házban (in this house)

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)
    E! Hát Józsi meg hová tűnt? - Hey! Where is Joe?
    Itt van, e! - Here it is. (informal, not polite)

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: dzs
  • Next letter: é

See alsoEdit

  • -e (suffix)

IdoEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (before a vowel) ed

EtymologyEdit

From Italian e, ed, Spanish e, (compare Esperanto kaj), from Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Indo-PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese e (and), from Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti (over).

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá:
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to feast on:

InterlinguaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (rare) et

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

IstriotEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative formsEdit

  • (before a vowel) ed

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

e

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of
  3. rōmaji reading of
  4. rōmaji reading of

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

LetterEdit

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ē (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviated from ēx.

PrepositionEdit

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

LatvianEdit

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

(file)
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LetterEdit

E

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ] — šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ] — platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e — [ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.

See alsoEdit


LivonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

LetterEdit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

NavajoEdit

LetterEdit

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

NeapolitanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin de

Alternative formsEdit

'e

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin et

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

NorwegianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Etymology 1Edit

Usage notesEdit
  • IPA(key): /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

LetterEdit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

e

  1. (dialectal) Present tense of være (Bokmål), vera/vere (Nynorsk); equivalent to standardized er.

NovialEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Provençal e, from Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Old PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
DescendantsEdit
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of é.

Old ProvençalEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

DescendantsEdit

  • Occitan: e

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Letter

Conjunction, noun

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E) (with diacritics: é, ê)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called ê or é and written in the Latin script.
    • 2005, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Enigma do Príncipe (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince), Rocco, page 141:
      Quero conversar com os senhores e exijo sua total e absoluta atenção.
      I want to talk with you and I demand your total and absolute attention.

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    • 2003, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), Rocco, page 308:
      Você notou os cabelos dela, são negros e brilhantes e macios...
      You noticed her hair, it's dark and brilliant and soft...
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 211:
      Mandaram lacrar todas as saídas e não deixar ninguém...
      They ordered me to seal all the exits and not to let anyone...

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction

Rapa NuiEdit

ParticleEdit

e

  1. agentive particle that marks the subject when a sensing verb is used

Usage notesEdit

Only used with sensing verbs; otherwise use i.


RomagnolEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

---


RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme, generally) IPA(key): /e/

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet.
See alsoEdit
  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f
Usage notesEdit

See E for pronunciation notes and details.

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. expression of annoyance, irritation
  2. expression of boredom, indifference
  3. (when prolonged...eee) surprise, satisfaction, admiration

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

e

  1. (informal) third-person singular present tense form of fi.
    El e un copil.
    "He is a child."
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. (obsolete) and
  2. (obsolete) but
SynonymsEdit

SamoanEdit

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by (a person or animate object)

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish é, hé, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. he
  2. him
  3. (referring to a masculine noun) it

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (uppercase): E

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by đ and followed by f.
Usage notesEdit

Its name is е /ɛ/ and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2Edit

Variant of ej or hej

InterjectionEdit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. (rare) well, now
  2. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) hey
  3. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to emphasize the sentence
    E, šta ima? — “Hey, what's up?”
  4. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to express surprise
    E, otkud ti? — “Hey, where did you come from?”
  5. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to get attention or change the topic of conversation, especially if followed by a (and, but)
    E, a vidi ovo. — “And look at this.”

Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/, /ɛ/

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

e f (plural es)

  1. Name of the letter E.

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • y
  • é (obsolete)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    Yo hablo francés e inglés.
    I speak French and English.
Usage notesEdit

Used instead of y when the following word starts with the vowel sound /i/.

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Letter name
Phoneme
  • IPA(key): /eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

VerbEdit

e

  1. (informal, Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative spelling of är (is, are).

TahitianEdit

ParticleEdit

e

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

TonganEdit

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TuvaluanEdit

ParticleEdit

e

  1. present tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

VolapükEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. he, him

Usage notesEdit

E is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while o is used in the north. fe and fo are variants of e and o respectively.