Last modified on 22 September 2014, at 01:55

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Radical: () + Phonetic:

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水一弓口 (EMNR), four-corner 31120, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 613, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1006, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1582, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6CB3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (河), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡歌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɦɑ/ /ɦa/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ha › /*[C.g]ˤaj/ river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7459 1 /*ɡaːl/

NounEdit

(classifier /, )

  1. river
  2. stream

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. river

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune-Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

NounEdit

(, nghiệp, xương)

  1. river