Last modified on 22 December 2014, at 04:05

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鼠-order.gif
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Han characterEdit

(radical 208 +0, 13 strokes, cangjie input X (HXVYV), four-corner 77717)

  1. rat, mouse, rodent
  2. Kangxi radical 208

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1527, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2063, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4772, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F20

ChineseEdit

rat; mouse
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鼠), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 舒吕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨʌX/ /ɕi̯woX/ /ɕiɔX/ /ɕiɔX/ /ɕɨə̆X/ /ɕĭoX/ /ɕiɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǔ ‹ syoX › /*[l̥ ]aʔ/ rat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11801 0 /*hljaʔ/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

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Wikipedia has an article on:

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Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. mouse, rat, other similar rodent

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(mouse)
(rat)
(Muroidae: a common vole)
 
鼠(鼠色
grey

Originally a compound of (ne, root, more specifically signifying somewhere hidden away) +‎ 住み (sumi, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 住む sumu, “to live in a place, to reside”), meaning roughly “one who lives in hidden places”. The sumi changes to zumi due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ねずみ, katakana ネズミ, romaji nezumi)

  1. (zoology) a mouse, a rat
  2. general term for members of superfamily Muroidea, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and other similar rodents
  3. short for 鼠色 (nezumi iro): the colour grey, sometimes more specifically a dark grey colour
Usage notesEdit

Japanese does not generally distinguish between mice and rats, and both are commonly called nezumi. If a distinction is needed, speakers may use the adjectives 大きい (ōkii, large) or 小さい (chīsai, small), or may use the word マウス (mausu, borrowed from either German or English).

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ネズミ.

Note that, although the Japanese term 子年 (​nezumidoshi, ​nedoshi) for The Year of the Rat in the Chinese zodiac does derive from this same nezumi term, it is not written with this kanji.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Abbreviation of nezumi. Used in some compounds.[2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ねず, romaji nezu)

  1. a mouse, a rat
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of nezumi. Used in some compounds.[2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ne)

  1. a mouse, a rat
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seo, McCune-Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thử)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.