Last modified on 14 July 2014, at 01:03
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
牛-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 93 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000)

  1. Kangxi radical 93

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with the similar ("noon").

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (牛), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨu/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/ /ŋiu/ /ŋiu/ /ŋuw/ /ŋĭəu/ /ŋiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
niú ‹ ngjuw › /*ŋʷə {*[ŋ]ʷə} (‹ uvular?)/ ox
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9564 0 /*ŋʷɯ/
  • (Min Dong) (Fuzhou) IPA(key): ŋu53

NounEdit

.

  1. any bovine animal indiscriminately, including cow, bull, ox, and buffalo
  2. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
  3. (abbreviation) (unit) Newton, a contraction of 牛頓 or 牛顿 (Niúdùn)
  4. (abbreviation, colloquial) Isaac Newton, a contraction of 牛頓牛顿 (Niúdùn)

Derived termsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with the similar ("noon").

AdjectiveEdit

  1. beef, a contraction of 牛肉 (niúròu)
  2. stubborn
  3. arrogant
  4. (slang) fucking awesome, a contractation of 牛屄 (niúbī)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cow, ox, cattle

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うし, katakana ウシ, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, bull, cattle
  2. ox

Usage notesEdit

Like other species names, usually written in katakana in scientific contexts.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

NounEdit

(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, cattle

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

NounEdit

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle