брат

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

брат (bratm pers (genitive бра́та, nominative plural браты́, genitive plural брато́ў, feminine сястра́, related adjective бра́цкі or братэ́рскі, diminutive бра́цік)

  1. brother

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


BulgarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

брат (bratm (related adjective бра́тов or бра́тски, diminutive бра́тец or братле́ or брато́к or бра́тче)

  1. brother

DeclensionEdit


MacedonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

брат (bratm (plural браќа, diminutive братче)

  1. brother
    Брат ми се пресели во Лондон.Brat mi se preseli vo London.My brother has moved to London.
  2. bro, mate, pal, buddy (used in informal speech to address somebody)
    Кај си бе, брат?Kaj si be, brat?What's up, bro?

Usage notesEdit

  • When this word is used in the sense of "brother", the vocative form is mostly "брату". When it's used in the sense of "mate", "pal", or "buddy", the vocative form is mostly "брате". However, in the second sense, the vocative form is not necessarily used. Among youngsters, the basic form "брат" is dominant (and quite popular, at that).

DeclensionEdit


RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [brat]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -at

NounEdit

брат (bratm anim (genitive бра́та, nominative plural бра́тья*, genitive plural бра́тьев*, related adjective бра́тский, diminutive бра́тик or бра́тец or брато́к or брати́шка) (* The soft ending of the plural was originally used for feminine collective nouns, and the meaning of братья then was brotherhood.)

  1. brother
  2. old boy, pal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Yakut: быраат (bıraat)

RusynEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

NounEdit

брат (bratm

  1. brother

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

бра̏т m (Latin spelling brȁt)

  1. brother
  2. mate, pal, buddy, when used in informal speech to address somebody in vocative (brate)

Usage notesEdit

There is no plural form for this noun. Instead, the collective term бра̏ћа is used for plural meanings.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

брат (bratm pers (genitive брата́, nominative plural брати́, genitive plural браті́в, related adjective бра́тній or бра́тський or брате́рський, diminutive бра́тик or бра́тець or брату́нь)

  1. brother (biological sibling)
  2. brother (member of the Christian brotherhood)
  3. pal, mate

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit