верх

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *vьrxъ (whence also Old Church Slavonic врьхъ (vrĭxŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *wers-.

Balto-Slavic cognates include Lithuanian viršus and Latvian virsus. Other Indo-European cognates include Latin verruca (a steep place, height), Ancient Greek ἕρμα (hérma, reef, rock, hill).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [vʲerx]
  • (file)

NounEdit

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рха, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхо́в)

  1. top, upper part, roof, dome, height
  2. (figuratively) summit, apex
    совеща́ние в верха́хsoveščánije v verxáxsummit meeting
  3. the highest degree of something
    Э́то верх глу́пости!Éto verx glúposti!This is the height of stupidity!

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рха, nominative plural верха́, genitive plural верхо́в)

  1. right side (of clothing, fabric), shoe upper, boot top
  2. hood, top, soft top, rag top of a carriage or convertible automobile
  3. cap, cover, outside, shell (clothing, as opposed to a lining)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vьrxъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рху, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхі́в)

  1. top, upper part
    Antonym: низ (nyz)
  2. surface
  3. (figuratively) upper hand
  4. (colloquial, plural only) elite, leaders
  5. high notes, upper register
    Antonym: низи́ (nyzý)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

верх (verxm inan (genitive верха́, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхі́в)

  1. dome, cupola
  2. roof
  3. chimney
  4. outer side (of a garment)

DeclensionEdit

PrepositionEdit

верх (verx) (relational, g(genitive)or g(locative))

  1. (dialectal) on, on top of
    Synonyms: по́верх (póverx), зве́рху (zvérxu)