See also: Apex, APEX, ápex, and àpex

English edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin apex (point, tip, summit).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.pɛks/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪpɛks

Noun edit

apex (plural apices or apexes)

  1. The highest or the greatest part of something, especially forming a point.
    the apex of the building
    Synonyms: peak, top, summit, vertex
    1. (geometry) The highest point in a plane or solid figure, relative to a base line or plane.
    2. (chiefly anatomy) The pointed fine end of something.
      Synonyms: end, tip
      1. The lowest part of the human heart.
        • 1951 March, J. H. Lehmann, A. D. Johnson, W. C. Bridges, J. Michel, D. M. Green, “Cardiac Catheterization—A Diagnostic Aid in Congenital Heart Disease”, in Northwest Medicine, volume 50, number 3, Portland, Ore.: Northwest Medical Publishing Association, page 175:
          B.P. 118/68. Grade I diastolic murmur best heard over apex. Patient well and had no complaints referable to heart. Origin of the diastolic murmur is open to conjecture.
      2. The deepest part of a tooth's root.
    3. (botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ opposed to the end where it is attached to its support.
      Synonym: tip
    4. (botany) The growing point of a shoot.
    5. (astronomy) The point on the celestial sphere toward which the Sun appears to move relative to nearby stars.
      Hyponym: solar apex
    6. (physics) The lowest point on a pendant drop of a liquid.
    7. (mining, US) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface.
    8. (typography):
      1. A diacritic in Classical Latin that resembles and gave rise to the acute.
      2. A diacritic in Middle Vietnamese that indicates /ŋ͡m/.
      3. A sharp upward point formed by two strokes that meet at an acute angle, as in "W", uppercase "A", and closed-top "4", or by a tapered stroke, as in lowercase "t".
        Coordinate term: vertex
  2. (figuratively) The moment of greatest success, expansion, etc.
    the apex of civilization
    Synonyms: acme, culmination, height, peak, pinnacle
  3. (attributive, ecology) The top of the food chain.
  4. A conical priest cap.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

Latin edit

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *apeks, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- (to join, fit). Cognate with Latin apō (to fasten, join, tie to).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

apex m (genitive apicis); third declension

  1. The extreme end of a thing; the point, summit, top.
    Synonyms: cacūmen, summa, fastīgium, culmen, vertex, summitās
    Antonym: fundus
  2. (literally) The small rod (generally of olive wood) at the top of the flamen's cap, wound around with a woolen cord or "thread".
  3. (transferred sense):
    1. The conical leathern cap of an ancient Roman priest (the Flamen), ornamented with this rod.
    2. Any hat or helmet; a crown.
    3. (literally) A projecting point or summit.
      1. (figurative) The highest ornament or honor; the crown of a thing.
    4. (grammar) The macron (long mark over a vowel).
      1. The forms or outlines of the letters.
    5. A letter or any other writing.
    6. (Ecclesiastical Latin, figurative) (of the point or apex of a Hebrew letter) The least particle, tittle.

Inflection edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative apex apicēs
Genitive apicis apicum
Dative apicī apicibus
Accusative apicem apicēs
Ablative apice apicibus
Vocative apex apicēs

Descendants edit

References edit

  • apex”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • apex”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • apex in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • apex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • apex”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • apex”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin apex.

Noun edit

apex n (plural apexuri)

  1. apex

Declension edit