English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms edit

  • (a lie or exaggeration): 🧢

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kæp/, [kʰæp]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cap
  • Rhymes: -æp

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English cappe, from Old English cæppe, from Late Latin cappa. Doublet of cape, chape, and cope.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. A close-fitting hat, either brimless or peaked.
    Hyponyms: see Thesaurus:headwear
    The children were all wearing caps to protect them from the sun.
  2. A special hat to indicate rank, occupation, etc.
  3. An academic mortarboard.
  4. A protective cover or seal.
    He took the cap off the bottle and splashed himself with some cologne.
  5. A crown for covering a tooth.
    He had golden caps on his teeth.
  6. The summit of a mountain, etc.
    There was snow on the cap of the mountain.
  7. An artificial upper limit or ceiling.
    Antonym: floor
    We should put a cap on the salaries, to keep them under control.
    • 2022 September 2, Alex Lawson, “G7 countries agree plan to impose price cap on Russian oil”, in The Guardian[1]:
      The G7 countries have agreed to impose a price cap on Russian oil in an attempt to stem the flow of funds into the Kremlin’s war coffers. [] The level of the cap is still being discussed.
  8. The top part of a mushroom.
  9. (toy) A small amount of percussive explosive in a paper strip or plastic cup for use in a toy gun.
    Billy spent all morning firing caps with his friends, re-enacting storming the beach at Normandy.
  10. A small explosive device used to detonate a larger charge of explosives.
    He wired the cap to the bundle of dynamite, then detonated it remotely.
  11. (slang) A bullet used to shoot someone.
    • 2001, Charles Jade, Jade goes to Metreon[2]:
      Did he think they were going to put a cap in his ass right in the middle of Metreon?
  12. (slang, originally African-American Vernacular) A lie or exaggeration.
    that's cap
  13. (sports) A place on a national team; an international appearance.
    Rio Ferdinand won his 50th cap for England in a game against Sweden.
    • 1912, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World [], London, New York, N.Y.: Hodder and Stoughton, →OCLC:
      "By the way, are you by any chance the Malone who is expected to get his Rugby cap for Ireland?" "A reserve, perhaps."
    • 2017 November 10, Daniel Taylor, “Youthful England earn draw with Germany but Lingard rues late miss”, in The Guardian (London)[3]:
      Overall, though, England’s injury-diminished side coped well on the night when Ruben Loftus-Cheek, Jordan Pickford and Tammy Abraham all won their first caps.
  14. (obsolete) The top, or uppermost part; the chief.
  15. (obsolete) A respectful uncovering of the head.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, The Church History of Britain, from the Birth of Jesus Christ until the Year MDCXLVIII, volume 1, London: Thomas Tegg and Son, published 1837, page 9:
      He that will give a cap and make a leg, in thanks for a favour he never received, deserveth rather to be blamed for want of wit, than to be praised for store of manners.
  16. (zoology) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.
  17. (architecture) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts.
    the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate
  18. Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament.
  19. (nautical) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope.
  20. (geometry) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.
  21. A large size of writing paper.
    flat cap; foolscap; legal cap
  22. (Appalachia) Popcorn.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
See also edit

Verb edit

cap (third-person singular simple present caps, present participle capping, simple past and past participle capped)

  1. (transitive) To cover or seal with a cap.
  2. (transitive) To award a cap as a mark of distinction.
  3. (transitive) To lie over or on top of something.
  4. (transitive) To surpass or outdo.
  5. (transitive) To set (or reach) an upper limit on something.
    cap wages.
    • 2023 September 6, Philip Haigh, “£30 billion plan to transform the rail network in Ireland”, in RAIL, number 991, page 25:
      It recalls the business case for Scotland's reopening of the Borders Railway to Tweedbank, that British Rail closed in 1969. The review says the business case for this was at best borderline, but goes on to say that the case greatly underestimated passenger demand and that the railway Scotland built has capped its capacity.
  6. (transitive) To make something even more wonderful at the end.
    That really capped my day.
  7. (transitive, cricket) To select a player to play for a specified side.
  8. (transitive, slang) To shoot (someone) with a firearm.
    Synonym: pop a cap into
    If he don't get outta my hood, I'm gonna cap his ass.
    In a school shooting, where some kid caps a bunch of other kids, where did he get the weapon? From a family member, probably their gun cabinet.
  9. (intransitive, slang, originally African-American Vernacular) To lie; to tell a lie.
    • 1906, Alfred Henry Lewis, “Confessions of a Detective”, in Confessions of a Detective, New York: A.S. Barnes & Company, page 36:
      "How? Didn't I cap for you, an' square you with the examinin' board? Didn't I stake you to the three hundred dollars?"
    • 2003, Antwan Patton et al. (lyrics and music), “Tomb of the Boom”, in Speakerboxxx, performed by OutKast:
      It's over for you capping-ass rappers—get out the game / You can fool the record labels, but not the streets, man
  10. (transitive, sports) To select to play for the national team.
    Peter Shilton is the most capped English footballer.
  11. (transitive, obsolete) To salute by uncovering the head respectfully.
  12. To deprive of a cap.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, A View of the State of Ireland as It Was in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, Dublin: Laurence Flin, published 1763, page 50:
      As if one going to diſtrain upon his own Land or Tenement, where lawfully he may; yet if in doing thereof, he tranſgreſs the leaſt Point of the Common Law, he ſtraight committeth Felony. Or if one, by any other Occaſion, take any thing from another, as Boys uſe ſometimes to cap one another, the ſame is ſtraight Felony.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From capitalization, by shortening.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (finance) Capitalization.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From capital, by shortening.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (informal) An uppercase or capital letter.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

cap (third-person singular simple present caps, present participle capping, simple past and past participle capped)

  1. (transitive, informal) To convert text to uppercase.

Etymology 4 edit

From capacitor, by shortening.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (electronics) A capacitor.
    Parasitic caps.
    I had to replace the caps in that thing to get it to work again.

Etymology 5 edit

Shortening of capture.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (colloquial) A recording or screenshot.
    • 1996 December 9, Fox [username], “Anyone has a cap of yesterday's irc-convention on undernet ?”, in alt.paranet.ufo[4] (Usenet):
    • 1998 September 26, Mr Hanky [username] <meister_hanky@hotmail.com>, “req: does anyone have a cap of Gabby's behind from "Forget Me Not"”, in alt.tv.xena[5] (Usenet), retrieved August 7, 2016:
      If you have a cap of Gabby's bare butt from the "forget me not" episode please post or mail it...
    • 1998 April 27, Johan [username], “Jennifer on Letterman”, in alt.fan.jen-aniston[6] (Usenet), retrieved August 7, 2016:
      Here's a cap of Jennifer from her latest Letterman appearance []
    • 2000 March 4, RichieH [username], “Please somebody get a cap of Faye from steps at the Brits!!!!!!!!”, in alt.tv.shaggable.babes[7] (Usenet):
      Please be assured that when I do get around to capping the Brits, there will NOT be one single cap of that slutty bitch, her whorishness has dropped to even lower levels than before.
    Anyone have a cap of the games last night?
Derived terms edit

Verb edit

cap (third-person singular simple present caps, present participle capping, simple past and past participle capped)

  1. (transitive) To take a screenshot or to record a copy of a video.
    • 2001 December 3, Methos [username], alt.fan.televisionx[8] (Usenet):
      I've capped in VCD format, so will eventually post it to abme (I've since found out that it's a bit OT for this group)
    • 2002 June 11, test . com Ground Hog [username], alt.luser.recovery[9] (Usenet):
      Please tell me someone capped it!!!!
    • 2003 February 18, jacuk [username], alt.fan.pornstar.darrian[10] (Usenet):
      If I had a method of capping from video tapes there's a movie that I can no longer remember the name of which has a single scene with Racquel and Derrick as a newly married couple having sex under the lustful eyes of Joey Silvera.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Clipping of capsule

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (slang) A capsule of a drug.
    • 2012, Alex Wyndham Baker, Cursive:
      Glass bottles of liquid LSD; moist blocks of Manali charras and Malana cream; sachets of smack; a hundred caps of MDMA and a phial of Australian DMT; ampoules of medical morphine and a dense pad of four thousand Californian blotters.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 7 edit

Shortening of capitalist.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (colloquial) A capitalist.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 8 edit

Shortening of capillary.

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. capillary
Derived terms edit

Etymology 9 edit

Scots [Term?], probably from Old English copp (a cup).

Noun edit

cap (plural caps)

  1. (obsolete) A wooden drinking-bowl with two handles.

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin capus, from Latin caput. Plural form capiti from Latin capita. Compare Romanian cap.

Noun edit

cap n (plural capiti/capite)

  1. head

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin capus (head, chief), from Latin caput (head, etc.), from Proto-Italic *kaput, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *káput. Compare Occitan cap. Compare also French personne (which can mean either "person" or "nobody").

Noun edit

cap m (plural caps)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. boss, chief, leader
    cap d'estathead of state
  3. (geography) cape (piece of land)
  4. (heraldry) chief
  5. end
    cap de setmanaweekend
Derived terms edit

Determiner edit

cap (invariable)

  1. no, not any (usually with no or other negative particle)
    No hi ha cap iogurt de maduixa.
    There is no strawberry yogurt.
    • 2019 August 21, Rosa M. Bravo, “La demanda de tractament per deixar la cocaïna creix”, in El Punt Avui[11]:
      A més, 3.500 persones han passat per les sales de consum ateses per professionals, on cap de les 214 sobredosis ha estat mortal.
      Additionally, 3,500 people have passed through the [drug] use rooms tended by professionals, where none of the 214 overdoses has been fatal.
  2. any (in questions and suppositions)
    Que hi falta cap peça?
    Is there any missing piece?

Pronoun edit

cap

  1. none, not one (usually with no or other negative particle)
    no n'hi ha cap de maduixa
    there is not any strawberry flavoured one
  2. anyone (in questions and suppositions)
    que en falta cap?is there anyone missing?

Preposition edit

cap

  1. towards, to
Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

cap

  1. inflection of cabre:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English cap.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

cap (Hong Kong Cantonese)

  1. Used in cap帽 (“cap; hat”).
  2. upper limit; upper bound

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of English capture.

Pronunciation edit


Verb edit

cap (Hong Kong Cantonese)

  1. to screenshot or record
    cap [Cantonese]  ―  kep1 dai1 [Jyutping]  ―  to save a screenshot
  2. to obtain or accumulate money
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of English capacitor.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

cap (Hong Kong Cantonese)

  1. capacitor (Classifier: c)
Derived terms edit

See also edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Occitan cap, from Latin caput. Doublet of chef.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cap m (plural caps)

  1. (geography) cape
  2. (archaic) head
  3. (nautical) heading
  4. (figuratively) goal, direction, course
    Synonym: cible
    cap stratégiquestrategic course
  5. (Quebec, geography) cap (summit of a mountain)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡ʃap]
  • Hyphenation: cap

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

cap (first-person possessive capku, second-person possessive capmu, third-person possessive capnya)

  1. seal, stamp.
    Synonyms: stempel, tera
  2. record.
    Synonym: rekaman
  3. printing.
    Synonyms: cetak, cetakan
  4. trademark.
    Synonyms: merk dagang, etiket
  5. (figurative) characteristic.
    Synonyms: ciri, sifat
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Onomatopoeic.

Noun edit

cap (first-person possessive capku, second-person possessive capmu, third-person possessive capnya)

  1. sound of tongue smacking
    Synonym: kecap

Further reading edit

Javanese edit

Noun edit

cap

  1. seal, stamp

Lashi edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃap/, /t͡ɕap/

Classifier edit

cap

  1. Classifier for fruit.

References edit

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[12], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Malay edit

Etymology edit

From English chop (An official stamp or seal, as in China and India), from Indo-Aryan, either Hindi छाप (chāp), Gujarati છાપ (chāp), Bengali ছাপ (chap) all meaning stamp, seal. Doublet of cop.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cap

  1. seal; stamp
  2. brand

Derived terms edit

Middle English edit

Noun edit

cap

  1. Alternative form of cappe

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old Occitan cap.

Noun edit

cap m (plural caps)

  1. head
    • 1369-1400, Jean Froissart, Chroniques
      Armez de pié en cap
      Armed from head to toe

Descendants edit

  • French: cap
  • English: cape

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Old Occitan cap, from Vulgar Latin capus, from Latin caput.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cap m (plural caps)

  1. head (the part of the body of an animal or human which contains the brain, mouth and main sense organs)
  2. leader, chief, mastermind
  3. cape, headland

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Romanian țap, possibly from Albanian cjap.

Noun edit

cap m anim

  1. billy-goat
  2. buck (male of an antlered animal)
  3. (colloquial, derogatory) lecherous man
  4. (colloquial) bearded man
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adjective
verb

Etymology 2 edit

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection edit

cap

  1. sound of a violent grabbing of someone or something
    Synonym: łap

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

cap

  1. second-person singular imperative of capić

Further reading edit

  • cap in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cap in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin capus, from Latin caput, from Proto-Italic *kaput, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *káput. Plural form capete from Latin capita. Compare the doublet șef, borrowed from French.

Noun edit

cap n (plural capete)

  1. head
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from French cap.

Noun edit

cap n (plural capuri)

  1. cape (headland)
Declension edit

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cap m anim (genitive singular capa, nominative plural capy, genitive plural capov, feminine koza), declension pattern chlap for singular, dub for plural

  1. a male goat, he-goat, billygoat

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • cap”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Tyap edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cap

  1. fur