ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Semitic *ʾil- the sense God might have been enforced by Hebrew or Phoenician.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

إِلّ or إِل (ʾill or ʾilm or f

  1. god, deity, God
  2. vow

South Levantine ArabicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic لِـ(li-).

PrepositionEdit

إلـ (ʔil-)

  1. to; for (detached version of the indirect object suffix ـلـ(-l-), used for emphasis)
    كتب إلي، مش إلك.‎‎
    katab ʔili, miš ʔilak.
    He wrote to me, not to you.
  2. belonging to (mine, yours etc.)
    هالكتاب إلك.‎‎
    hāl-kitāb ʔilak
    This book is yours.
    هو صاحب إله.‎‎
    huwwe ṣāḥeb ʔilo
    He's a friend of his.
  3. (by extension) to have
    إلي أخ وأخت.‎‎
    ʔili ʔaḵḵ w-ʔuẖt
    I have a brother and sister.
    (literally, “Mine are a brother and a sister.”)
    Synonyms: عند(ʕind), مع(maʕ)

InflectionEdit

    Inflected forms of إل
Base form إلـ (ʔil-)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person إلي(ʔili) إلنا(ʔilna)
2nd person إلك(ʔilak) إلك(ʔilek) إلكم(ʔilkom)
3rd person إله(ʔilo) إلها(ʔilha) إلهم(ʔilhom)