See also:
U+6649, 晉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6649

[U+6648]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+664A]
晉 U+2F8CD, 晉
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8CD
書
[U+2F8CC]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 㬙
[U+2F8CE]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一戈戈日 (MIIA), four-corner 10601, composition ⿱⿳厶一)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 494, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 860, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1507, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6649

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𣈆
𫞄

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡siə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sin³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕĩŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕin¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sin⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡saŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡siʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sin³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søn³³/
Nanning /t͡sɐn³³/
Hong Kong /t͡søn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sin²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sin³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sinH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siĕnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsi[n]-s/
English Jìn (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6770
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsins/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to advance; to increase
  2. to promote
  3. (~國) Chinese feudal state of Jin (11th century B.C.E.–376 B.C.E.), a state of the Zhou Dynasty in northern China
  4. (~朝) Chinese Jin dynasty (265–420)
  5. 35th hexagram of the I Ching ()
  6. Alternative name for 山西 (Shānxī, “Shanxi”).
  7. (~語) Jin (a variety of Chinese spoken in and around Shanxi)
  8. A surname​.

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 B.C.E.
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 B.C.E.
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 B.C.E. Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 B.C.E.
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E. Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 C.E. Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 C.E. Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 C.E. Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 C.E.
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 C.E.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 C.E.
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 C.E.
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 C.E. Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 C.E.
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 C.E.
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 C.E.
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 C.E.
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 C.E.
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 C.E.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to proceed
  2. Jin dynasty

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Alternative form of (Jinmeiyō kanji used for names).


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 나아갈 (naagal jin))

  1. Hanja form? of (advance, increase).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tấn, tắn, tớn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.