See also:
U+6649, 晉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6649

[U+6648]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+664A]

晉 U+2F8CD, 晉
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8CD
書
[U+2F8CC]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 㬙
[U+2F8CE]

Translingual

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Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 72, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一戈戈日 (MIIA), four-corner 10601, composition ⿱⿳)

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 494, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 860, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1507, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6649

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (to arrive) + (sun)

Etymology

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The I Ching relates it to (jìn)[1], whose etymology is unknown (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

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  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡siə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sin³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕĩŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕin¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sin⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡saŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡siʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sin³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søn³³/
Nanning /t͡sɐn³³/
Hong Kong /t͡søn³³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /t͡sin²¹/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /t͡siŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /t͡sin³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsinH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sinH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siĕnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zan3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsi[n]-s/
English Jìn (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6770
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsins/

Definitions

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  1. to advance; to increase
  2. to promote
  3. (~國) Chinese feudal state of Jin (11th century BCE–376 BCE), a state of the Zhou Dynasty in northern China
  4. (~朝) Chinese Jin dynasty (266–420)
  5. 35th hexagram of the I Ching ()
  6. Alternative name for 山西 (Shānxī, “Shanxi”).
  7. (~語) Jin (a variety of Chinese spoken in and around Shanxi)
  8. a surname

See also

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Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 C.E. Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 C.E. Wei
Shu Han
蜀漢蜀汉
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 C.E. Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 C.E. Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 C.E.
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 C.E.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 C.E.
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 C.E.
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 C.E. Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 C.E.
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 C.E.
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 C.E.
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 C.E.
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 C.E.
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 C.E.

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to proceed
  2. Jin dynasty

Readings

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Usage notes

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Alternative form of (Jinmeiyō kanji used for names).

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 나아갈 (naagal jin))

  1. Hanja form? of (advance, increase).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: tấn, tắn, tớn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.