Hindi

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Sanskrit पति (pati).

Pronunciation

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  • (Delhi) IPA(key): /pə.t̪iː/, [pɐ.t̪iː]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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पति (patim (feminine पत्नी, Urdu spelling پتی)

  1. husband
    Synonyms: शौहर (śauhar), ख़ावंद (xāvand)
  2. master, lord

Declension

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Derived terms

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Old Gujarati

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Sanskrit पति (pati).

Noun

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पति (patim

  1. lord

Descendants

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  • Gujarati: પતિ (pati)

Pali

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Alternative forms

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Noun

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पति m

  1. Devanagari script form of pati (“boss”)

Declension

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Verb

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पति

  1. Devanagari script form of pati, which is second/third-person singular aorist active of पतति (patati, to fall)

Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *pátiš, from Proto-Indo-European *pótis. Cognate with Albanian pata,[1][2] Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (paiti), Ancient Greek πόσις (pósis), Latin potis, Lithuanian pàts.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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पति (páti) stemm

  1. husband
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.145.1:
      इ॒मां ख॑ना॒म्योष॑धिं वी॒रुधं॒ बल॑वत्तमाम्।
      यया॑ स॒पत्नीं॒ बाध॑ते॒ यया॑ संवि॒न्दते॒ पति॑म्
      imā́ṃ khanāmyóṣadhiṃ vīrúdhaṃ bálavattamām.
      yáyā sapátnīṃ bā́dhate yáyā saṃvindáte pátim.
      I dig this plant, a herb of most effectual power, from out the earth
      With which one quells the co-wife and gains the husband for herself.
  2. lord, master
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.43.4:
      गा॒थप॑तिं मे॒धप॑तिं रु॒द्रं जला॑षभेषजम्।
      तच्छं॒योः सु॒म्नमी॑महे॥
      gāthápatiṃ medhápatiṃ rudráṃ jálāṣabheṣajam.
      tácchaṃyóḥ sumnámīmahe.
      To Rudra, the lord of hymns, lord of sacrifices and possessing balmy medicines,
      We pray for joy and health and strength.
  3. master, owner, possessor, lord, ruler, sovereign

Declension

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Masculine i-stem declension of पति (páti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पतिः
pátiḥ
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Vocative पते
páte
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Accusative पतिम्
pátim
पती
pátī
पतीन्
pátīn
Instrumental पत्या
pátyā
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभिः
pátibhiḥ
Dative पत्ये
pátye
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Ablative पत्युः
pátyuḥ
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Genitive पत्युः
pátyuḥ
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतीनाम्
pátīnām
Locative पत्यौ
pátyau
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतिषु
pátiṣu

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Noun

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पति (páti) stemf

  1. a female possessor, mistress
  2. wife

Declension

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Feminine i-stem declension of पति (páti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पतिः
pátiḥ
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Vocative पते
páte
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Accusative पतिम्
pátim
पती
pátī
पतीः
pátīḥ
Instrumental पत्या / पती¹
pátyā / pátī¹
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभिः
pátibhiḥ
Dative पतये / पत्यै² / पती¹
pátaye / pátyai² / pátī¹
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Ablative पतेः / पत्याः² / पत्यै³
páteḥ / pátyāḥ² / pátyai³
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Genitive पतेः / पत्याः² / पत्यै³
páteḥ / pátyāḥ² / pátyai³
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतीनाम्
pátīnām
Locative पतौ / पत्याम्² / पता¹
pátau / pátyām² / pátā¹
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतिषु
pátiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Later Sanskrit
  • ³Brāhmaṇas

References

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  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “पति”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 167
  2. ^ Albanische Etymologien (Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz), Bardhyl Demiraj, Leiden Studies in Indo-European 7; Amsterdam - Atlanta 1997
  • Monier Williams (1899) “पति”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 582/1.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 73-4