まっとう

JapaneseEdit

Alternative spellings 全う
真っ当
完う

EtymologyEdit

/mat̚taku//mat̚taũ//mat̚tɔː//mat̚toː/

From 全く (mattaku, completely), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of adjective 全い (mattai, complete, perfect). The sense shift to “proper, respectable” is indicated by the ateji (当て字) spelling 真っ当, which reanalyses the term as 真っ (mat̚-, intensifying prefix) +‎ (, right, proper).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) っとー [màttóó] (Heiban – [0])[1] for verb and adjectival senses
  • (Tokyo) っと [màttóꜜò] (Nakadaka – [3])[1] for the adjectival sense
  • IPA(key): [ma̠t̚to̞ː]

AdverbEdit

まっとう (mattō (historical kana まつたう)

  1. (archaic) 全う: Synonym of 全く (mattaku, completely)

VerbEdit

まっとうする (mattō surusuru (stem まっとう (mattō shi), past まっとうした (mattō shita), historical kana まつたうする)

  1. 全う, 完う: to complete, finish, accomplish, fulfill
    (にん)()(まっと)うする
    ninmu o mattō suru
    to complete a mission
    Synonyms: 完遂 (kansui), 完了 (kanryō‎)
    Antonyms: 打ち切る (uchikiru), 止める (yameru)

ConjugationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

まっとう (mattō-na (adnominal まっとう (mattō na), adverbial まっとう (mattō ni), historical kana まつたう)

  1. 真っ当, 全う, 完う: honest, proper, decent, just

Usage notesEdit

This term is often spelled in hiragana.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN