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Etymology 1Edit

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From Middle Chinese 支那 (tsye na), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन (cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese (*dzin), the name of the Qin Dynasty and the Qin state.

Alternative formsEdit


Proper nounEdit

シナ (hiragana しな, rōmaji Shina)

  1. Alternative spelling of 支那: China (prewar; often considered derogatory in modern speech)
Usage notesEdit

The kanji spelling 支那 was more common historically, and is still encountered with some frequency when this word is used. However, this term as a whole is used less frequently than in the past, due in part to changes in geopolitics.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit


From Latin cina, variously given as short for Artemisia cina ("Chinese artemisia"), or Semen cina ("Chinese seed")[1]. The kanji used are ateji.

Alternative formsEdit



シナ (hiragana しな, rōmaji shina)

  1. Artemisia cina: also known as santonica, Levant wormseed, and wormseed; an herbaceous perennial of the daisy family, historically used as a vermifugic anthelmintic (a drug to rid the body of parasitic worms)


  1. ^ “The guiding symptoms of our materia medica, Volume 4”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], University of California, 1884, retrieved 2012-05-29