See also: and
U+54C1, 品
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C1

[U+54C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口口口 (RRR), four-corner 60660, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 188, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 615, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠯮

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Triplication of (“mouth”). Also occurs in .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰin¹³/
Jinan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰiẽ⁵³/
Xining /pʰiə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰin⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰin⁴²/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /pʰin²¹²/
Hefei /pʰin²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰin⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Wenzhou /pʰeŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰin³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰin⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰin⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰin²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰin³¹/
Taoyuan /pin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐn³⁵/
Nanning /pɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /pɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰin⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fin²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰjimX/
Li
Rong
/pʰjəmX/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pǐn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pan2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ phimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰr[ə]mʔ/
English kind, class

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9804
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰrɯmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. article; item; product; commodity
      ―  shāngpǐn  ―  merchandise
      ―  shípǐn  ―  foodstuff
  2. personality; character
  3. grade; level; rank; class
  4. (music, of a string instrument) fret
  5. to taste
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ひん) (hin); (ほん) (hon)
  • Korean: (, pum)
  • Vietnamese: phẩm ()

Others:

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しな
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しな) (shina

  1. article, goods
  2. stock
  3. quality

CounterEdit

(しな) (-shina

  1. an item (on the menu) or dish
    (ひと)(しな)
    hitoshina
    1 item/dish

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 3
kan’on

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ひん) (hin

  1. grace, elegance
  2. refinement
  3. article, goods
  4. course, dish

CounterEdit

(ひん) (-hin

  1. an item (on the menu) or dish
    (いっ)(ぴん)
    ippin
    1 item/dish
    (さん)(ぴん)
    sanpin
    3 items/dishes

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ほん
Grade: 3
goon

NounEdit

(ほん) (hon

  1. (historical) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts

CounterEdit

(ほん) (-hon

  1. (historical) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts
    (いっ)(ぽん)
    ippon
    rank 1
    (さん)(ぼん)
    sanbon
    rank 3

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC pʰˠiɪmX).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pʰu(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 물건(物件) (mulgeon pum))

  1. Hanja form? of (article; goods).
  2. Hanja form? of (personality; character).
  3. Hanja form? of (quality).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: phẩm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.