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U+54C1, 品
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C1

[U+54C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口口口 (RRR), four-corner 60660, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 188, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 615, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠯮

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·rɯm, *b·rɯms
*b·rɯm
*pʰrɯmʔ

Triplication of .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰin¹³/
Jinan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰiẽ⁵³/
Xining /pʰiə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰin⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰin⁴²/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /pʰin²¹²/
Hefei /pʰin²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰiŋ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰin⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Wenzhou /pʰeŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰin³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰin⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰin⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰin²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰin³¹/
Taoyuan /pin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐn³⁵/
Nanning /pɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /pɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰin⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fin²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰjimX/
Li
Rong
/pʰjəmX/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pǐn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ phimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰr[ə]mʔ/
English kind, class

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9804
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰrɯmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. article; item; product; commodity
      ―  shāngpǐn  ―  merchandise
      ―  shípǐn  ―  foodstuff
  2. personality; character
  3. fret (of a stringed musical instrument)
  4. to taste

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しな
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しな, rōmaji shina)

  1. article, goods
  2. stock
  3. quality

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひん, rōmaji hin)

  1. grace, elegance
  2. refinement
  3. article, goods
  4. course, dish

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pum)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: p'um)
    • Name (hangeul): 물건 (revised: mulgeon, McCune–Reischauer: mulgŏn, Yale: mwulken)
  1. article, goods

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phẩm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.