See also: and
U+54C1, 品
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C1

[U+54C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C2]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口口口 (RRR), four-corner 60660, composition )

  1. Shuowen Jiezi radical №42

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 188, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 615, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C1

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠯮

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : Triplication of (“mouth”). Also occurs in .

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • bing2 - literary;
  • bang2 - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰin¹³/
Jinan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰiẽ⁵³/
Xining /pʰiə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰin⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰin⁴²/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /pʰin²¹²/
Hefei /pʰin²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰin⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pʰin⁵³/
Wenzhou /pʰeŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰin³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰin⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰin⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰin²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰin³¹/
Taoyuan /pin³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐn³⁵/
Nanning /pɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /pɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /pʰin⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /pʰiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /pʰeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /piŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /fin²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter phimX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰjimX/
Li
Rong
/pʰjəmX/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pǐn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pan2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ phimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰr[ə]mʔ/
English kind, class

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9804
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰrɯmʔ/

Definitions

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  1. article; item; product; commodity
      ―  shāngpǐn  ―  merchandise
      ―  shípǐn  ―  foodstuff
  2. personality; character
  3. grade; level; rank; class
  4. (music, of a string instrument) fret
  5. to taste
  6. a surname

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ひん) (hin); (ほん) (hon)
  • Korean: 품(品) (pum)
  • Vietnamese: phẩm ()

Others:

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
しな
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(しな) (shina

  1. article, goods
  2. stock
  3. quality

Counter

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(しな) (-shina

  1. an item (on the menu) or dish
    (ひと)(しな)
    hitoshina
    1 item/dish

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 3
kan’on

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ひん) (hin

  1. grace, elegance
  2. refinement
  3. article, goods
  4. course, dish

Counter

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(ひん) (-hin

  1. an item (on the menu) or dish
    (いっ)(ぴん)
    ippin
    1 item/dish
    (さん)(ぴん)
    sanpin
    3 items/dishes

See also

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Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
ほん
Grade: 3
goon

Noun

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(ほん) (hon

  1. (history) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts

Counter

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(ほん) (-hon

  1. (history) a type of rank for officials in East Asian courts
    (いっ)(ぽん)
    ippon
    rank 1
    (さん)(ぼん)
    sanbon
    rank 3

See also

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC phimX).

Historical readings

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pʰu(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 물건(物件) (mulgeon( 物件 ) pum))

  1. Hanja form? of (article; goods).
  2. Hanja form? of (personality; character).
  3. Hanja form? of (quality).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Old Japanese

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC phimX).

Phonogram

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(po2)

  1. Denotes phonographic syllable po2.

Usage notes

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Only used in the prose of the Kojiki of 712 CE (Miyake (2003) p. 254).

Further reading

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: phẩm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.