Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠄎 ‎(strain) +  ‎(go slowly) – straining and slowly moving (because having trouble with the abundance of goods carried).

From the Shuowen: “秦以市買多得爲夃。𠄎从夂,益至也。从乃。[...]乃,難意也。” (“During the Qin, purchasing too much at the market was known as 夃. Derived from 𠄎 and 夂. It means "to exceed/augment." [𠄎 is] from 乃. [...] [In this context] 乃 means strain/trouble/difficulty”)

Han characterEdit

(radical 34 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹尸水 (NHSE) or 弓尸竹水 (NSHE), four-corner 17227, composition)

  1. (literally) to purchase (excessively)
  2. (figuratively) to exceed, augment

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 244, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 485, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 393, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5903

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔX/
Li
Rong
/koX/
Wang
Li
/kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4281
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

(archaic) of , to buy (excessively/abundantly)

(archaic) of , to augment, increase, add

Usage notesEdit

The "yíng" reading is only used for the "to augment, increase, add" definition.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

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