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Classical NahuatlEdit

NumeralEdit

ei

  1. Obsolete spelling of ēyi

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, a West Germanic variety of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛi̯/
  • (file)

NounEdit

ei n (plural eieren, diminutive eitje n)

  1. egg
    Wie kookte deze eieren? or more common: Wie heeft deze eieren gekookt? — Who boiled these eggs?

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Northern Sami ii.

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. no (a negating expression)

AntonymsEdit

VerbEdit

ei

  1. (auxiliary verb) don't, doesn't, not: used in negative forms of non-imperative verbs. Ma ei tea. I don't know. (Compare: Ma tean. I know.)

Usage notesEdit

The verb follows the word ei.

In the present tense indicative, the form of the verb coincides with the imperative of the second person singular. In past tenses indicative, the form of the verb is personal past participle. In the conditional mood, the form of the verb coincides with third person singular conditional in the present tense or the past tense. In the indirect mood, the form of the verb is the indirect form.

Derived termsEdit


FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. not

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • ei og ikki - as well as, both ... and
  • grát ei - do not weep (song title by Eivør Pálsdóttir, 2007)

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Estonian ei and Northern Sami ii.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯/, [ˈe̞i̯]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ei
  • Rhymes: -ei

InterjectionEdit

ei

  1. no (a negating expression)

AntonymsEdit

VerbEdit

ei

  1. The third-person singular form of the negation verb, used also with impersonal verb forms (see the usage in passive below). The English translations include don’t, doesn’t, not (with auxiliary verbs and be), and no.

Usage notesEdit

  • The negation verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb. That form is identical to the second-person singular imperative in the indicative present. The potential mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -ne-, and the conditional mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -isi-. In the indicative past, conditional past and potential past, the active past participle singular (ending -ut/-yt) is used. The connegative form of the main verb is always used without the personal suffix.
  • Usage of ei in active:
  • Indicative:
  • Hän näkee. (She/He sees.) → Hän ei näe. (She/He does not see.)
  • Hän näki. (She/He saw.) → Hän ei nähnyt. (She/He did not see.)
  • Hän on nähnyt. (She/He has seen.) → Hän ei ole nähnyt. (She/He has not seen.)
  • Hän oli nähnyt. (She/He had seen.) → Hän ei ollut nähnyt. (She/He had not seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Hän näkisi. (She/He would see.) → Hän ei näkisi. (She/He would not see.)
  • Hän olisi nähnyt. (She/He would have seen.) → Hän ei olisi nähnyt. (She/He would not have seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Hän nähnee. (She/He probably sees.) → Hän ei nähne. (She/He probably does not see.)
  • Hän lienee nähnyt. (She/He has probably seen.) → Hän ei liene nähnyt. (She/He has probably not seen.)
  • The passive is construed with ei and by dropping the two last letters (indicative -an / -än, conditional -in, potential -en) from the impersonal verb form. In the past of all the three moods, ei is used with the passive past participle singular (ending -tu / -ty):
  • Usage of ei in passive (i.e., in sentences where the impersonal verb form is used):
  • Indicative:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähdään. (S/he is / I am / We are seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähdä. (S/he is / I am / We are not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtiin. (S/he was / I was / We were seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähty. (S/he was / I was / We were not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät on nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei ole nähty. (S/He has / I have / We have not been seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät oli nähty. (S/he / I / We had been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei ollut nähty. (S/he / I / We had not been seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtäisiin. (S/he / I / We would be seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähtäisi. (S/he / I / We would not be seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät olisi nähty. (S/he / I / We would have been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei olisi nähty. (S/he / I / We would not have been seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät nähtäneen. (S/he is / I am / We are probably seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei nähtäne. (S/he is / I am / We are probably not seen.)
  • Hänet/Minut/Meidät lienee nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have probably been seen.) → Häntä/Minua/Meitä ei liene nähty. (S/he has / I have / We have probably not been seen.)
  • Hän näkee koiran (accusative). (S/he sees a dog.) → Hän ei näe koiraa (partitive). (S/he does not see a dog.)
  • Hän näkee naiset (accusative). (S/he sees the women.) → Hän ei näe naisia (partitive). (S/he does not see women/the women)

ConjugationEdit

  • The negation verb has no infinitive form.
  • Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person.
  • In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-.
  • An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
person indicative mood imperative mood optative mood
1st sing. en (älkääni, älkäämi) (ällön)
2nd sing. et älä (ällös)
3rd sing. ei älköön (älköön)
1st plur. emme älkäämme (älköömme)
2nd plur. ette älkää (älköötte)
3rd plur. eivät älkööt (älkööt)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

ei

  1. Romanization of 𐌴𐌹

IcelandicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse ei. A clipping of eigi, from Proto-Germanic *ni aiw-gin (never), from *ne, *ni (not) + *aiw (always, for ever) + *-gin. Not related to Finnish ei (no).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. (archaic) not
    Örvæntið ei!
    Despair not!
    Ég veit ei hvað skal segja.
    I know not what to say.
SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See e.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ei

  1. dative singular indefinite of e

ReferencesEdit


IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Northern Sami ii.

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. not

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯/
  • Hyphenation: éi

Etymology 1Edit

Syncopated form of elli (he), from Vulgar Latin *illi, from Latin ille (that).

PronounEdit

ei m

  1. (poetic, archaic, after the verb) Alternative form of elli

Etymology 2Edit

Syncopated form of elli (they), from Latin illī (those).

PronounEdit

ei m pl

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of elli

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ei

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えい

KarelianEdit

VerbEdit

ei

  1. (does) not

KottEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej- ("pine"). Compare Arin aja (pine).

NounEdit

ei (plural en)

  1. pine tree

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej ("tongue"). Compare Pumpokol aj (tongue).

NounEdit

ei (plural ējaŋ)

  1. voice, sound

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ei

  1. oh! (expressing alarm)

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

  1. nominative masculine plural of is
  2. dative masculine singular of is
  3. dative feminine singular of is
  4. dative neuter singular of is

LatvianEdit

InterjectionEdit

ei

  1. used to stimulate somebody's attention
  2. used to express pleasure, surprise or admiration

LimburgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, a West Germanic variety of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

NounEdit

ei n

  1. egg

MalasangaEdit

NounEdit

ei

  1. fire

Further readingEdit

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ei

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ěi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of èi.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, a West Germanic variety of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

NounEdit

ei n

  1. egg

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: ei
  • Limburgish: ei

Further readingEdit

  • ei”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • ei”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English ǣġ, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Cognate to Middle Dutch ei.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ei (plural eire or eiren)

  1. An egg, especially of a chicken or other fowl.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: ey

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse ein.

ArticleEdit

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

PronounEdit

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. (archaic) not

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

ei

  1. imperative of eie

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse ein.

ArticleEdit

ei f (masculine ein, neuter eit)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)
    Ei ny bok.
    A new book.

PronounEdit

ei

  1. feminine singular of ein

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse eigi.

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. not

SynonymsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Akin to Old English ǣġ, Old Norse egg.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin ōvum and Ancient Greek ᾠόν (ōión)

NounEdit

ei n

  1. (zoology) an egg

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle High German: ei
    • Alemannic German:
      Swabian: Oi
    • Bavarian: Oa
    • German: Ei
    • Luxembourgish: Ee
    • Vilamovian: e
    • Yiddish: איי(ey)

Old PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ei

  1. here is, here are

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ajjaz, a West Germanic variant of *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

NounEdit

ei n

  1. (zoology) an egg

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: ei, egg, eig
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: Ei
      • Westphalian:
        Ravensbergisch-Lippisch: Åich
        Sauerländisch: Ai
        Westmünsterländisch: Äi
        Märkisch: Ägg
    • Plautdietsch: Ei

PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese eis and Spanish ese and Old Portuguese ei.

PronounEdit

ei

  1. that
  2. there.



PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdverbEdit

ei (not comparable)

  1. Apocopic form of eis; used preceding the pronouns lo, la, los or las

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille.

PronounEdit

ei m pl (third-person plural, feminine equivalent ele)

  1. (nominative form) they (used for an all-male or mixed-sex group)
DeclensionEdit
Nominative
ei
Accusative
stressed unstressed
ei îi
Genitive
one form for all numbers and genders
lor
Dative
stressed unstressed
lor le
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sieși își
SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

ei m (stressed accusative form of ei)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") them (all-male or mixed-sex group)

Related termsEdit

  • el (third-person masculine singular)
  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Vulgar Latin *illaei, from Latin illa, from ille.

PronounEdit

ei f (genitive form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. her
    Ai cartea ei?
    Do you have her book?
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

ei f (stressed dative form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. to her
SynonymsEdit
  • îi (unstressed form)

SabuEdit

 
ei

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

NounEdit

ei

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

ReferencesEdit

  • ABVD
  • Comparative Austronesian Dictionary

ScotsEdit

NounEdit

ei (plural een)

  1. (South Scots) an eye.

PronounEdit

ei

  1. (South Scots, personal) he (alternative form of hei)

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Finnish ei.

VerbEdit

ei

  1. not; expresses negation.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en
2nd singular ed ala
3rd singular ei algha
1st plural em algam
2nd plural et algat
3rd plural ei algha

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “не, ни”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *esyo m and *esyās f; compare Old Irish a (his, her, its, their) and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its) and अस्यास् (asyā́s, her).

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ei̯/
    • (colloquial) IPA(key): /iː/, /ɪ/

DeterminerEdit

ei (triggers soft mutation of a following consonant)

  1. his, its
    Dw i’n gweld ei dŷ e.
    I see his house.
  2. him, it (as object of a verbal noun)
    • 18th century, Wil Hopcyn, “Bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn”:
      Myfi’n bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn,
      Ac arall yn ei fedi.
      Me watching the white wheat,
      And another reaping it.
Usage notesEdit

e or o often follows the noun when it ends in a consonant and either fe or fo follows when it ends in a vowel.

DeterminerEdit

ei (triggers aspirate mutation of a following consonant)

  1. her, its
    Dw i’n gweld ei thŷ hi.
    I see her house.
  2. her, it (as object of a verbal noun)
Usage notesEdit

hi often follows the noun.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ei

  1. second-person singular future of mynd (also present tense in the literary language)