Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

Further reading edit

Classical Nahuatl edit

Numeral edit

ei

  1. Obsolete spelling of ēyi

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛi̯/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ei
  • Rhymes: -ɛi̯
  • Homophone: IJ

Noun edit

ei n (plural eieren, diminutive eitje n)

  1. egg
    Ik heb een ei gebakken voor het ontbijt.I fried an egg for breakfast.
    Pasen is een feest waarbij veel eieren worden geschilderd.Easter is a festival where many eggs are painted.
    In deze doos zitten twaalf eieren.In this box, there are twelve eggs.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: eier
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: airi
  • Jersey Dutch: āi
  • Negerhollands: ee, eiu, eyu, eju

Anagrams edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From the Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Northern Sami ii.

Interjection edit

ei

  1. no

Antonyms edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. (auxiliary verb) don't, doesn't, not: used in negative forms of non-imperative verbs. Ma ei tea. I don't know. (Compare: Ma tean. I know.)

Usage notes edit

The verb follows the word ei.

In the present tense indicative, the form of the verb coincides with the imperative of the second person singular. In past tenses indicative, the form of the verb is personal past participle. In the conditional mood, the form of the verb coincides with third person singular conditional in the present tense or the past tense. In the indirect mood, the form of the verb is the indirect form.

Derived terms edit

Fala edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese eu, from Inherited from Late Latin eo, from Classical Latin egō̆.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ei m sg or f sg

  1. First person singular nominative pronoun; I

See also edit

References edit

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[1], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse eigi.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ei

  1. not

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

  • ei og ikki - as well as, both ... and
  • grát ei - do not weep (song title by Eivør Pálsdóttir, 2007)

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The indicative forms are from Proto-Finnic *e-, from Proto-Uralic *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a- (negative verb stem). The imperative forms are from Proto-Finnic *älä-, from the Proto-Finno-Ugric negative imperative verb stem *älä-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯/, [ˈe̞i̯]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ei
  • Syllabification(key): ei

Verb edit

ei (third-person singular form)

  1. (auxiliary) The negative verb or negation verb; not, be not, do not, etc. (+ connegative form)
    En ole käynyt siellä.I have not been there.
    Hän ei ole kotona.She isn't home.
    Etkö tiedä?Don't you know?
    Älä koske siihen!Don't touch that!

Usage notes edit

  • With certain conjunctions, contractions may be used (e.g. miksi + eimiksei). In some cases, like ellei and jollei, the independent conjunction has fallen out of use, but the contractions still remain in use. For other cases, the contractions are optional, but commonly used. When the contraction is used, the negative verb may effectively shift ahead in the clause:
    En tiedä, miksi hän ei tullut. → En tiedä, miksei hän tullut.
    I don't know why he didn't come.

Conjugation edit

  • The negation verb has no infinitive form.
  • Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person (the moods are distinguished by the connegative form used).
  • In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-. As with all verbs, the first-person plural imperative is formal or dated, while the third-person imperative (both singular and plural) is dated.
  • An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
person indicative mood imperative mood optative mood
1st sing. en
2nd sing. et älä (ällös)
3rd sing. ei älköön (älköön)
1st plur. emme älkäämme (älköömme)
2nd plur. ette älkää (älköötte)
3rd plur. eivät älkööt (älkööt)

Derived terms edit

Contractions:

Related terms edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. no (used to show disagreement, negation, denial, refusal, or prohibition)
    Onko hauki lintu? Ei, se on kala.
    Is a pike a bird? No, it is a fish.

Usage notes edit

Usually inflected for person; see above.

Antonyms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. gee up
    Synonym: arre
    Antonym: xo
  2. hey
    Synonyms: eh, oi

References edit

  • ei” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • ei” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • ei” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. whoa, hey (expression of surprise)

Synonyms edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

ei

  1. Romanization of 𐌴𐌹

Icelandic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse ei. A clipping of eigi, from Proto-Germanic *ni aiw-gin (never), from *ne, *ni (not) + *aiw (always, for ever) + *-gin. Not related to Finnish ei (no).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ei

  1. (archaic, poetic) not
    Örvæntið ei!
    Despair not!
    Ég veit ei hvað skal segja.
    I know not what to say.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See e.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ei

  1. dative singular indefinite of e

References edit

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *e-, from the Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Estonian ei.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ei

  1. no

Antonyms edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. not
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 63:
      Linnuil ono nälkä, evät rooka saa.
      The birds are hungry, they don't get food.

Conjugation edit

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en -
2nd singular et elä
3rd singular ei elköö
1st plural emmä -
2nd plural että elkää
3rd plural evät elkööt
impersonal ei elköö
*) The interrogative is formed by adding the suffix -k (-kä?) or -kse to the indicative.

References edit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 128
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 29
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[4], →ISBN, page 15

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈej/
  • Rhymes: -ej
  • Hyphenation: éi

Etymology 1 edit

Syncopated form of elli (he), from Vulgar Latin *illi, from Latin ille (that).

Pronoun edit

ei m

  1. (poetic, archaic, after the verb) Alternative form of egli

Etymology 2 edit

Syncopated form of elli (they), from Latin illī (those).

Pronoun edit

ei m pl

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of elli

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

ei

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えい
  2. Rōmaji transcription of エイ

Karelian edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. (does) not

Kott edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej- ("pine"). Compare Arin aja (pine).

Noun edit

ei (plural en)

  1. pine tree

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej ("tongue"). Compare Pumpokol aj (tongue).

Noun edit

ei (plural ējaŋ)

  1. voice, sound

Latin edit

Pronunciation 1 edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. Alternative form of hei (expression of grief or fear)

Pronunciation 2 edit

Pronoun edit

  1. inflection of is:
    1. dative masculine/feminine/neuter singular
    2. nominative masculine plural

Latvian edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. used to stimulate somebody's attention
  2. used to express pleasure, surprise or admiration

Limburgish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ei n

  1. egg

Livvi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *ei. Cognates include Finnish ei and Estonian ei.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. not

Conjugation edit

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en -
2nd singular et älä
3rd singular ei älgäh
1st plural emmo älgiämmö
2nd plural etto älgiä
3rd plural ei äldähes

References edit

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect]‎[5] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 20
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019), “ei”, in Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 38

Malasanga edit

Noun edit

ei

  1. fire

Further reading edit

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

ei

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ěi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of èi.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mbyá Guaraní edit

Noun edit

ei

  1. honey

Middle Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun edit

ei n

  1. egg

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • ei”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “ei”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

Middle English edit

Noun edit

ei

  1. Alternative form of ey (egg)

Middle High German edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old High German ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun edit

ei n

  1. egg

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Alemannic German:
    • Swabian: Oi
  • Bavarian: Oa
    • Mòcheno: oi
  • Central Franconian: Ei, Ää, Aai
    • Luxembourgish: Ee
  • German: Ei
  • Vilamovian: e
  • Yiddish: ⁧איי(ey)

References edit

  • Benecke, Georg Friedrich; Müller, Wilhelm; Zarncke, Friedrich (1863), “ei”, in Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch: mit Benutzung des Nachlasses von Benecke, Stuttgart: S. Hirzel

Murui Huitoto edit

ei
Root Classifier
ei-

Etymology edit

Cognate with Minica Huitoto ei.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛi̯]
  • Hyphenation: ei

Root edit

ei

  1. mother

Noun edit

ei

  1. Synonym of eiño
    • 2008 [1978], Huitoto Murui Bible, 2nd edition, Mateo 1:3, page 5:
      Iaɨmaiaɨ mɨcorɨ eidɨ Tamar mɨcorɨ.
      The mother of the late two of them was the late Tamara.
  2. vocative of eiño

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Shirley Burtch (1983) Diccionario Huitoto Murui (Tomo I) (Linguistica Peruana No. 20)‎[6] (in Spanish), Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 75
  • Katarzyna Izabela Wojtylak (2017) A grammar of Murui (Bue): a Witotoan language of Northwest Amazonia.[7], Townsville: James Cook University press (PhD thesis), page 125

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse einn.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

Adverb edit

ei

  1. (archaic) not

Synonyms edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. imperative of eie

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse einn.

Article edit

ei f (masculine ein, neuter eit)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)
    Ei ny bok.
    A new book.

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. feminine singular of ein

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Norwegian eigh, from Old Norse eigi.

Adverb edit

ei

  1. not
    Synonyms: ikkje, kje

References edit

  • “ei” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “ei”, in Norsk Ordbok: ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet, Oslo: Samlaget, 1950-2016

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ei

  1. here is, here are

Descendants edit

Old High German edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Akin to Old English ǣġ, Old Norse egg.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin ōvum and Ancient Greek ᾠόν (ōión)

Noun edit

ei n

  1. (zoology) an egg

Descendants edit

  • Middle High German: ei
    • Alemannic German:
      • Swabian: Oi
    • Bavarian: Oa
      • Mòcheno: oi
    • Central Franconian: Ei, Ää, Aai
      • Hunsrik: Eu
      • Luxembourgish: Ee
    • German: Ei
    • Vilamovian: e
    • Yiddish: ⁧איי(ey)

Old Saxon edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun edit

ei n

  1. egg

Declension edit


Descendants edit

  • Middle Low German: ei, egg, eig
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: Ei
        Westphalian:
        Lippisch: Egg
        Märkisch: Ägg
        Ravensbergisch: Åich
        Sauerländisch: Ai
        Westmünsterländisch: Äi
      • Plautdietsch: Ei

Papiamentu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese eis.

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. there

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

Etymology 1 edit

Adverb edit

ei (not comparable)

  1. Apocopic form of eis; used preceding the pronouns lo, la, los or las

Etymology 2 edit

Interjection edit

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille.

Pronoun edit

ei m pl (third-person plural, feminine equivalent ele)

  1. (nominative form) they (used for an all-male or mixed-sex group)
    Synonym: (polite form) dumnealor
Declension edit
Nominative
ei
Accusative
stressed unstressed
ei îi
Genitive
one form for all numbers and genders
lor
Dative
stressed unstressed
lor le
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sieși își

Pronoun edit

ei m (stressed accusative form of ei)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") them (all-male or mixed-sex group)

Related terms edit

  • el (third-person masculine singular)
  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *illaei, from Latin illa, from ille.

Pronoun edit

ei f (genitive form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. her
    Synonym: său
    Ai cartea ei?
    Do you have her book?
Declension edit

Pronoun edit

ei f (stressed dative form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. to her
    Synonym: (unstressed form) îi

Sabu edit

 
ei

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun edit

ei

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

References edit

  • ABVD
  • Comparative Austronesian Dictionary

Scots edit

Noun edit

ei (plural een)

  1. (South Scots) an eye.

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. (South Scots, personal) he (alternative form of hei)

Tedim Chin edit

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. we

References edit

  • Zomi Ordbog based on the work of D.L. Haokip

Veps edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *e-. Cognates include Finnish ei.

Verb edit

ei

  1. not; expresses negation.

Inflection edit

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en
2nd singular ed ala
3rd singular ei algha
1st plural em algam
2nd plural et algat
3rd plural ei algha

References edit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “не, ни”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Votic edit

Etymology edit

Compare Russian эй (ej), Finnish hei, Ingrian hei.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈei̯/, [ˈei̯]
  • Rhymes: -ei̯
  • Hyphenation: ei

Interjection edit

ei

  1. hey

References edit

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “ei”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Welsh edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Welsh y, from Proto-Brythonic *eið, from Proto-Celtic *esyo m and *esyās f; compare Old Irish a (his, her, its, their) and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its) and अस्यास् (asyā́s, her).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

ei

  1. his, its (with reference to a masculine noun; triggers soft mutation of following consonant)
    Gwelir y thema dro ar ôl tro yn ei gerddi a’i emynau.
    The theme is seen repeatedly in his poems and his hymns.
  2. her, its (with reference to a feminine noun; triggers aspirate mutation of following consonant and h-prothesis of a following vowel)
    Gwelir y thema dro ar ôl tro yn ei cherddi a’i hemynau.
    The theme is seen repeatedly in her poems and her hymns.

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. him, it (with reference to masculine nouns; as object of a verbal noun; triggers soft mutation of following consonant)
    • 18th century, Wil Hopcyn, “Bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn”:
      Myfi’n bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn,
      Ac arall yn ei fedi.
      Me watching the white wheat,
      And another reaping it.
  2. her, it (with reference to masculine nouns; as object of a verbal noun; triggers aspirate mutation of following consonant and h-prothesis of a following vowel)
    • Traditional, “Milgi, milgi”:
      Ar ben y bryn mae sgwarnog fach, ar hyd y nos mae'n pori
      A’i chefen brith a’i bola bola gwyn yn hidio dim am filgi.
      On top of the hill there's a little hare, all night long she grazes
      With her speckled back and her white white belly without taking any heed of any greyhound.
Usage notes edit
  • In formal Welsh, masculine ef or feminine hi is added after the noun or verbnoun which ei precedes to indicates emphasis on the determiner or pronoun. In colloquial Welsh, the masculine takes e or o (southern and northern forms respectively) after a consonant and fe or fo (southern and northern) after a vowel, whereas the feminine takes hi, but is not necessarily an indicator of emphasis. Here, it is often included with the determiner and always included with the pronoun. The exception to the latter case is in passive constructions employing cael, where no addition is found.
  • In formal Welsh, the contraction 'i is a valid form of ei found after mostly functional vowel-final words. In colloquial Welsh, ei is often contracted to 'i after almost any vowel-final word. The exception is both forms of the language is after the preposition i (to, for), after which ei contracts to 'w. (Contraction to 'w after wedi is sometimes encountered but considered non-standard.)
  • Pronomial ei and 'i can occur before any verbal noun. Before a verb, pronomial 'i is found only in formal language after certain vowel-final preverbal particles. See entry for 'i for more information.
  • The colloquial pronunciation /iː/, /ɪ/ is the original pronunciation, as shown by the Middle Welsh form y. The more careful pronunciation /ei̯/ is a later spelling pronunciation.

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. second-person singular future of mynd (also present tense in the literary language)

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ei”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Ye'kwana edit

Variant orthographies
Bolívar state ei
Brazil ei

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. (intransitive, agentive) to be
Usage notes edit

Many forms of this verb are irregular. Some are based on a root ei ~ e', some on a ~ aa, some on a'ja, and some on ööne ~ wene:

  • ei ~ e' is used with most tense/aspect/mood markers and all adverbial and nominal derivatives of the verb.
  • a ~ aa is used for the nonpast form, question forms, and two third-person forms na'ñojo and naichü.
  • a'ja is used for past imperfectives.
  • ööne ~ wene is used for the permanent aspect; this is the only verb in the language that has such an aspect.

The verb also takes an irregular suffix -ya in place of the ordinary recent/distant past perfective suffix -i. Similarly, the plural form of the same suffix is -yato rather than -icho.

This verb can be used as an auxiliary to form various constructions, making it possible to express tense/aspect/mood for constructions made with non-finite verb forms by putting the relevant markers on the copula instead.

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

ei

  1. (transitive) to seek, to look for

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “a'ja, ei, ka, ma, na, öönene, wa, weneene”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 215–216, 238–239
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “wenēne”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[8], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “wenɲə”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[9], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021

Zou edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ei

  1. we (exclusive)

Synonyms edit

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40