Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
公-bw.png
Stroke order
公-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
公-oracle.svg 公-bronze.svg 公-bigseal.svg 公-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金戈 (CI), four-corner 80732, composition)

  1. fair, equitable
  2. public
  3. duke
  4. male (for animals, not humans)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 126, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1452
  • Dae Jaweon: page 277, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 242, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+516C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuŋ²¹/
Jinan /kuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuŋ²¹/
Xining /kuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kũn³¹/
Ürümqi /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /koŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /koŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /koŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /koŋ/
Nanjing /koŋ³¹/
Hefei /kəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /kuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /koŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /koŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /koŋ³³/
Wenzhou /koŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /kuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /kan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /koŋ³³/
Xiangtan /kən³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /koŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ⁵⁵/
/kaŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /koŋ³³/
/kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
/kaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*C.qˤoŋ/ impartial, just; public
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*C.qˤoŋ/ father; prince

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4092 0 /*kloːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 公安 ‎(こうあん, kōan)
  • 公演 ‎(こうえん, kōen)
  • 公園 ‎(こうえん, kōen)
  • 公開 ‎(こうかい, kōkai)
  • 公共 ‎(こうきょう, kōkyō)
  • 公私 ‎(こうし, kōshi)
  • 公爵 ‎(こうしゃく, kōshaku)
  • 公衆 ‎(こうしゅう, kōshū)
  • 公認 ‎(こうにん, kōnin)
  • 公判 ‎(こうはん, kōhan)
  • 公募 ‎(こうぼ, kōbo)
  • 公報 ‎(こうほう, kōhō)
  • 公式 ‎(こうしき, kōshiki)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おおやけ, romaji ōyake, historical hiragana おほやけ)

  1. official, governmental

‎(hiragana こう, romaji , historical hiragana こう)

  1. prince, duke

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana きみ, romaji kimi, historical hiragana きみ)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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