太政官

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 2
しょう > じょう
Grade: 5
かん
Grade: 4
kan’yōon goon on’yomi
 
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On-reading of Ōimatsurigoto no Tsukasa below.

Equivalent to 太政 (daijō, originally read ōmatsurigoto (notice the absence of -i in ōi), “imperial government) +‎ (kan, government office).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

太政官(だいじょうかん) (Daijō-kan (historical kana だいじやうくわん)

  1. (government, historical) the highest governing body under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system between the Nara and Edo periods
  2. (government, historical, colloquial) Same as だじょうかん (Dajō-kan) below
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しょう > じょう
Grade: 5
かん
Grade: 4
kan’yōon goon on’yomi

Variant on-reading of Ōimatsurigoto no Tsukasa below.

Equivalent to 太政 (dajō, originally read ōmatsurigoto (notice the absence of -i in ōi), “imperial government) +‎ (kan, government office).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

太政官(だじょうかん) (Dajō-kan (historical kana だじやうくわん)

  1. (government, historical) the highest governing body of Imperial Japan in the early Meiji period
  2. (government, historical, colloquial) Same as だじょうかん (Daijō-kan) above
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 まつりごと
Grade: 5
つかさ
Grade: 4
Irregular kun’yomi

Shift from Old Japanese 太政官 (Opoki1maturigo2to2 no2 Tukasa).

Equivalent to (ōi-, prefix of superiority) +‎ (matsurigoto, government) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (tsukasa, government office).

The “chancellor” sense extends the meaning from (tsukasa, government office) to (tsukasa, government official).

Proper nounEdit

太政官(おおいまつりごとのつかさ) (Ōimatsurigoto no Tsukasa (historical kana おほいまつりごとのつかさ)

  1. (government, historical, archaic) the highest governing body under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system between the Nara and Edo periods

NounEdit

太政官(おおいまつりごとのつかさ) (ōimatsurigoto no tsukasa (historical kana おほいまつりごとのつかさ)

  1. (politics, historical, archaic, rare) Synonym of 太政大臣 (ōki ōimōchigimi): the head of the Ōimatsurigoto no Tsukasa, equivalent to a “grand minister” or “chancellor of the realm

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From 大き (opoki1, the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) of adjective 大し (oposi), “great) +‎ (maturigo2to2, government, rule) +‎ (no2, possessive particle) +‎ (tukasa, government office).

Proper nounEdit

太政官 (Opoki1maturigo2to2 no2 Tukasa) (kana おほきまつりごとのつかさ)

  1. the highest governing body under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system during and after the Nara period

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: 太政官 (Ōimatsurigoto no Tsukasa → Da(i)jō-kan)