U+653F, 政
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-653F

[U+653E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6540]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 66, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一人大 (MMOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 469, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13135
  • Dae Jaweon: page 819, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1453, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+653F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjeŋs): phonetic  (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs) + semantic  (action).

EtymologyEdit

Specialization of (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs, “straight, upright; right, correct; proper”).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sen⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡seŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sən⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡seŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡seŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡siŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*teŋ-s/
English government

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17177
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjeŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. government; political power
      ―  zhèng  ―  government
  2. regulation; rule; decree
  3. politics; political affairs
      ―  zhèngzhì  ―  politics
  4. administrative affairs of governmental departments, families or organisations
  5. to govern; to rule
  6. to correct; to comment on (a manuscript)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (せい) (sei)
  • Korean: (, jeong)
  • Vietnamese: chính (), chánh ()

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
まつりごと
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Possibly from Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of 祭り (matsuri, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 祭る (matsuru), “to enshrine, worship) +‎ (koto, matter, thing).[1][2] The koto changes to goto as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(まつりごと) (matsurigoto

  1. (politics) a government, rule
    Synonyms: 政治 (seiji), 政道 (seidō)
  2. (especially in Shinto) a festival, ritual
    Synonym: 祭祀 (saishi)
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(まつりごと) (Matsurigoto

  1. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇŋH).

The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

NounEdit

(せい) (sei

  1. a law, rule
  2. a doctrine, precept, way

AffixEdit

(せい) (sei

  1. government, politics, rule
  2. administration (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(せい) (Sei

  1. a male or female given name

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 5
goon

/ɕʲau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇŋH).

The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the earlier borrowing from Middle Chinese.

AffixEdit

(しょう) (shō (historical kana しやう)

  1. government, politics, rule
  2. administration (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 정사 (jeongsa jeong))

(eumhun (chil jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (political affairs, to hit).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chính, chiếng, chánh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.