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U+653F, 政
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-653F

[U+653E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6540]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 66, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一人大 (MMOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 469, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13135
  • Dae Jaweon: page 819, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1453, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+653F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdeːns
*deːns
*deːns
*tjɯŋs
*rtʰeːŋ, *tʰeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ, *tjeŋs
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ, *tjeŋs
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋʔ
*tjeŋs
*tjeŋs
*teːŋs, *deːŋs
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *deːŋʔ, *deːŋs
*deːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjeŋs): phonetic  (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs) + semantic  (action).

EtymologyEdit

Specialization of (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs, “straight, upright; right, correct; proper”).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sen⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡seŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sən⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡seŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡seŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡siŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*teŋ-s/
English government

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17177
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjeŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. government; political power
      ―  zhèng  ―  government
  2. regulation; rule; decree
  3. politics; political affairs
      ―  zhèngzhì  ―  politics
  4. administrative affairs of governmental departments, families or organisations
  5. to govern; to rule
  6. to correct; to comment on (a manuscript)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
まつりごと
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Possibly from Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of 祭り (matsuri, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 祭る (matsuru), “to enshrine, worship) +‎ (koto, matter, thing).[1][2] The koto changes to goto as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まつりごと, rōmaji matsurigoto)

  1. (politics) a government, rule
    Synonyms: 政治 (seiji), 政道 (seidō)
  2. (especially in Shinto) a festival, ritual
    Synonym: 祭祀 (saishi)
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まつりごと, rōmaji Matsurigoto)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇŋH).

NounEdit

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. a law, rule
  2. a doctrine, precept, way

AffixEdit

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. government, politics, rule
  2. administration (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana せい, rōmaji Sei)

  1. a male or female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 정사 (jeongsa jeong))

(eumhun (chil jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (political affairs, to hit).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chính, chiếng, chánh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.