U+653F, 政
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-653F

[U+653E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6540]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一一人大 (MMOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 469, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13135
  • Dae Jaweon: page 819, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1453, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+653F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdeːns
*deːns
*deːns
*tjɯŋs
*rtʰeːŋ, *tʰeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ, *tjeŋs
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ, *tjeŋs
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋ
*tjeŋʔ
*tjeŋs
*tjeŋs
*teːŋs, *deːŋs
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *deːŋʔ, *deːŋs
*deːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjeŋs): phonetic (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs) + semantic (action).

EtymologyEdit

From (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs, “straight, upright; right, correct; proper”), i.e. “that which is right”.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sen⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡seŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sən⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡seŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡seŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡siŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*teŋ-s/
English government

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17177
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjeŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. government; political power
      ―  zhèng  ―  government
  2. regulation; rule; decree
  3. politics; political affairs
      ―  zhèngzhì  ―  politics
  4. administrative affairs of governmental departments, families or organisations
  5. to govern; to rule
  6. to correct; to comment on (a manuscript)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana まつりごと, romaji matsurigoto, alternative reading せい, romaji sei)

  1. rule; government

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chính, chiếng, chánh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.