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U+5B8F, 宏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8F

[U+5B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B90]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大戈 (JKI), four-corner 30432, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7086
  • Dae Jaweon: page 556, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 916, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B8F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʷɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷrɯːŋ
ɡʷɯŋ

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ³¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (118)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣwæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˤ<r>əŋ/
English resounding; great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷrɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (originally refers to houses) wide; spacious; great; vast
  2. extensive
  3. loud and clear
  4. to enlarge
  5. (computing) macro (comparatively human-friendly abbreviation of complex input to a computer program)
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひろし, rōmaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(goeng) (hangeul , revised goeng, McCune-Reischauer koeng, Yale koeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoãng, hoành, giang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.