Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大戈 (JKI), four-corner 30432, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7086
  • Dae Jaweon: page 556, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 916, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B8F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ³¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ¹³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (118)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hóng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦwɣɛŋ/ /ɦʷɯæŋ/ /ɣuɐŋ/ /ɦwəɨjŋ/ /ɣuɛŋ/ /ɣwæŋ/ /ɣwæŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hóng ‹ hwɛng › /*[ɡ]ʷˤ<r>əŋ/ resounding; great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4130 0 /*ɡʷrɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wide, spacious, great, vast
  2. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(goeng) (hangeul , revised goeng, McCune-Reischauer koeng, Yale koeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoãng, hoành, giang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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