U+96C4, 雄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C4

[U+96C3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C5]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 172, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大戈人土 (KIOG), four-corner 40014, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1365, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41972
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4093, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+96C4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷɯŋ): phonetic (OC *kʷɯːŋ) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gaŋ (penis, male) (STEDT), cognate with Karbi chò-kàng (penis), Garo ri-gong (penis), Lepcha [script needed] (sun̊-gan̊, penis), Pattani gàŋ (male).

However, Zev Handel doubts the Old Chinese word's cognate status, as "OC labialized initial plus schwa vocalism would normally correspond to a rounded vowel in PTB".

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiông - literary;
  • hêng/hîn - vernacular.
Note:
  • hiong5 - literary;
  • hêng5 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyŋ²⁴/
    /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕyŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕyuŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕyŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ɕyə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕioŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕyoŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕioŋ²¹/
    Kunming /ɕiŋ³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕioŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕyŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦioŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦioŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ɕin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕioŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɕin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiuŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /hioŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /huŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /huŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³⁵/
    /hiŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xœyŋ²¹/
    /xœyŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hioŋ⁵⁵/
    /heŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³¹/
    /hiaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yóng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jung4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xióng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷəŋ/
    English male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷɯŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (usually of animals) male
    2. masculine; powerful; grand
    3. powerful or influential person or state

    Usage notesEdit

    • Commonly used for animals to mean “male” in academic contexts, less commonly used in non-academic contexts (use instead), and not used for humans (use instead). For example:
      /   ―  xióng  ―  cock
        ―  xióngniú  ―  bull

    AntonymsEdit

    • (, “female”)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ゆう) ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (hjuwng, male).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ゆう) (

    1. male
    2. something or someone excellent (male)
      (いっ)(せい)(ゆう)
      issei no
      one of the greatest men of his generation
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /wo//o/

    From Old Japanese. Persists in compounds, such as the first element o- in the modern Japanese term (otoko, man).[2][1]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    () (o (wo)?

    1. (obsolete in isolation) man, male
      • 711712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
        ()こそは()にいませば
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        As you yourself be male / a man...
    2. (obsolete) husband
      • 711712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
        ()はもよ()にしあれば()()()()()()(つま)()
        wa wa moyo me ni shiareba na o kite o wa nashi na o kite tsuma wa nashi
        As I am a woman, without you, there are no husbands. Without you, there are no wives...
    3. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
      ()(たけ)び/()(だき)(ますら)()
      otakebi/odaki/masurao
      a war cry / the larger of two waterfalls / manliness
    4. yang (as opposed to yin)
      ()()()()
      meo, meo
      yin-yang (two different kanji spellings, same reading and derivation)
    Usage notesEdit
    • Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.
    Derived termsEdit
    AntonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おす
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    /wosu//osu/

    Compound of (o, male) +‎ (su), but the derivation of the su element is unknown.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (おす) (osuをす (wosu)?

    1. a male (plant or animal)
    Usage notesEdit
    • This is the most common reading of this term in modern Japanese when used as a standalone noun.
    • Only used to refer to non-human male organisms.
    • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where it is customary), as オス.

    SynonymsEdit

    AntonymsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おん
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /won//on/

    Compound of (o, male) +‎ (n). The latter -n element might be a contraction of the possessive particle (no).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (おん) (onをん (won)?

    1. male
    Usage notesEdit
    • Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 수컷 (sukeot ung))

    1. Hanja form? of ((usually of animals) male).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: Hùng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.